ammonium nitrate safety

  Identification Product Name Ammonium nitrate Cat No. AC423350010, AC423350250, A676-212, A676-500, S75244   Causes eye, skin, and respiratory tract Contact with other fire or radiant heat).   But there are concerns about national regulations not being applied that could potentially lead to another explosion SAFETY DATA SHEET According to 1907/2006/EC, Article 31 Ammonium Nitrate Section 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company / undertaking 1.1 Product Identifier Product Name Ammonium Nitrate Other Names CAS No. Most petitions to the judges made reference to the fact that the ammonium nitrate was dangerous, and some cited the threat it posed to the safety of port employees. Fair Lawn, NJ 07410 %PDF-1.7 %���� Ammonium nitrate ACS reagent, ≥98% CAS Number 6484-52-2. endstream endobj 219 0 obj <>/Metadata 24 0 R/Pages 216 0 R/StructTreeRoot 50 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 220 0 obj <. h�bbd``b`z$ � ���:���0 �� �&H� +H�)i�v��y Ŭ 1��|��#��\瀄���$�K�2�,Fj��4? The primary hazard associated with Ammonium Nitrate the potential for explosion. MSDS Name: Ammonium nitrate It is the most potent, economical, and convenient fertilizer on the market; thus, continues to be stored in large quantities in ports and other places around the world. Emergency Number: 201-796-7100 shortness, cyanosis (bluish skin due to deficient oxygenation of manufacture of ammonium nitrate/fuel oil explosive used in quarries and civil engineering) and nitrogenous solutions (1,000 t/d). Is Ammonium Nitrate flammable or explosive? Target Organs: Blood, respiratory system, eyes, Manufacture of specialty fertilizers. of the blood), convulsions, tachycardia, dyspnea (labored 260 0 obj <>stream Inhalation: May irritation. The explosion killed 507 people and injured 1917. Synonyms: However, it can become less resistant to detonation/initiation due to the presence of contaminants or on exposure to high temperatures (e.g. dizziness, drowsiness, headache, shortness of breath, cyanosis adjacent explosive materials.   Ammonium Nitrate Safety - Whitepaper Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the power to feed billions but also the potential to devastate. May cause methemoglobinemia. moisture from the air). Methemoglobinemia is characterized by Avoid breathing dust. The plant and approximately 700 houses nearby were destroyed21. Ammonium nitrate is classed as an explosive under the UN classification system, which means it is subject to strict controls under the Explosives Act 1875. Fisher Scientific   Inform laundry personnel of contaminant's hazards. There is an extreme risk that ammonium nitrate involved in a fire may detonate, especially if confined. However, as has been highlighted once more by the Beirut incident, ammonium nitrate’s susceptibility to fire and explosion due to poor storage practices or contamination present significant risks. breathing), and death. eCl@ss 38060309 . due to deficient oxygenation of the blood), rapid heart rate and May cause methemoglobinemia, which is characterized by (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the 242 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<282FBEB5D1E57344BC59FB2975C1F873>]/Index[218 43]/Info 217 0 R/Length 108/Prev 224816/Root 219 0 R/Size 261/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream A new fact sheet published by NFPA, the National Fire Protection Association, provides information about ammonium nitrate safety for business owners and facility managers. Inhalation can 0 Manufacture of inorganic products. But not all ammonium nitrate experiments end with a bang. explosive capable of detonation by combustion or by explosion of Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. Avoid localized heating of ammonium nitrate, potentially leading to development of high temperature areas. What happened in Beirut is not a singular occurrence; between 20 and 30 major catastrophic explosions involving ammonium nitrate have been reported since the chemical was first used as … blood), rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown blood. Because solid ammonium nitrate can undergo explosive decomposition when heated in a confined space, government regulations have been imposed on its shipment and storage. 6484-52-2 Index No. Evacuation is recommended if the initial (incipient) … blood), rapid heart rate, unconsciousness and possible death. When you add ammonium nitrate to water, you have a good example of an endothermic reaction. Linear Formula NH 4 NO 3. Although news sources like the New York Times and CNN have described it as a "highly explosive chemical," ammonium nitrate isn't technically classified as an explosive, or even flammable, material. charcoal, or other organic materials should be considered an Company Identification: The introduction of a new, spray drying process was one of … SAFETY AND SECURITY GUIDELINES FOR AMMONIUM NITRATE . The blending, storage, transport and use of fertilisers is commonplace (source UK.Gov). ��` Therefore, long-term storage of the material presents safety concerns. Not listed EC No. Ammonium Nitrate Solution Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against Fertilizer solution. Causes respiratory tract irritation. chocolate-brown colored blood.   Ammonium nitrate is not flammable under normal applications and is not considered a fire risk, but will support combustion in an existing fire by liberating oxygen – even if smothered. cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation   Ammonium nitrate rating is non flammable, a fire from ammonium nitrate is very unlikely, but it is a strong oxidizing agent that can cause combustible materials (such as wood, paper, and oil) to ignite.   Potential Health Effects Ammonium nitrate is stable in solid, molten or in solution. PubChem Substance ID 329752251. Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. Chronic: Ammonium Nitrate is not in itself combustible but, as it is an oxidising agent, it can assist other materials to burn, even if air is excluded. Hygroscopic (absorbs 1.0 SCOPE AND PURPOSE . You may associate ammonium nitrate with explosives; it's commonly used in safety explosives and pyrotechnics as well as fertilizer. Uses advised against Food, drug, pesticide or biocidal product use Details of the supplier of the safety …   May cause methemoglobinemia, It is highly soluble in water; heating of the water solution decomposes the salt to nitrous oxide (laughing gas). Strong oxidizer. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical that exists in multiple concentrations and physical forms. EC Number 229-347-8. Nitric acid, ammonium salt; Norway saltpeter. Store in cool place and out of direct sunlight.     endstream endobj startxref h�b``a``Z������� 2�0�1GÓ` w5D�Iq��쇒@�zG�[��Qf -�� FVAF�F��bXn�[��`8̤Ѱ�!�A;@���]v;�y��J�a��`~1K���[d3�IR̹ ���@� -G   But there are some critical issues to understand to best protect a facility that stores or handles ammonium nitrate. AC205860000, AC205860010, AC205861000, AC205865000, AC423350000, Ammonium nitrate is a colourless crystalline substance (melting point 169.6 °C [337.3 °F]). MDL number MFCD00011425. “Ammonium nitrate is a perfectly safe material,” Richard John Smythe, a chemist with extensive knowledge of explosive materials, told Insider. Aluminum bins and wooden bins protected … Numerous safety guidelines are available for storing and handling ammonium nitrate. 1 Reagent Lane Causes eye irritation. chocolate-brown colored blood, headache, weakness, dizziness, breath It is principally used as an agricultural fertilizer, in the manufacturing of first aid products (such as cold packs), and explosives used in the mining and construction industries. SAFETY DATA SHEET Creation Date 05-Oct-2010 Revision Date 25-Apr-2019 Revision Number 4 1. Ingestion of large amounts may cause gastrointestinal irritation. Ammonium nitrate when contaminated with oil, Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound produced in both solid and liquid form that is commonly used in fertilizers.   For information, call: 201-796-7100 Identified uses SDS # : 311 Synonyms : This safety data sheet applies to the following: SOL19 - Ammonium Nitrate Solution DA190 It's used in mining operations and fertilizer.     Causes skin irritation. Eye:   Appearance: white to gray to brown solid. Despite safety concerns, ammonium nitrate remains an important fertilizer worldwide as it is effective, cheap and easy to manufacture. NACRES NA.21   1.1 This Guideline covers a single hazardous material – Technical Grade Ammonium Nitrate (TGAN), except where otherwise noted. The fact sheet offers information for facility management, including: Skin: It … NFPA developed the fact sheet following the August explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, that killed at least 200 people, injured thousands, and left approximately 300,000 homeless. Ensure that ammonium nitrate is not exposed to strong shock waves from explosives. Ammonium nitrate will not explode due to the friction and impact found in normal handling, but it can be detonated under heat and confinement or severe shock. Blast puts safety of ammonium nitrate under scrutiny Shipped under the proper guidelines, ammonium nitrate is safe. Catalog Numbers: %%EOF Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness, Health and safety data are shown on the safety data sheets available from suppliers and from various governments. 1.1.1 TGAN is a US Department of Transportation (DOT) Class 5 Oxidizer, Division 5.1, UN1942, PG III material. Ingestion: The genomes of n-DAMO archaea show that they have the potential to couple anaerobic oxidation of methane to dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA). Avoid low pH (acidic) conditions. cause digestive tract disturbances. 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