arch linux distros 2020

Manjaro is a free to use, open-source Linux distro based on the Arch Linux operating system and is one of the fastest distros with many users. 2020 is here I think some of you might have boarded the Linux train in the recent past. By Brendan Hesse November 18, 2020 Linux is a powerful and fully-customizable operating system. Plus, you also get to access its built-in repository of software. We create the top ten Linux distributions list every month and here are those that were quite in trend in the last month of 2020, which was September. 2020-04-13 nss>=3.51.1-1 and lib32-nss>=3.51.1-1 updates require manual intervention 2020-03-19 hplip 3.20.3-2 update requires manual intervention 2020-03-01 firewalld>=0.8.1-2 update requires manual intervention 2020-02-24 The Future of the Arch Linux Project Leader 2020-02-22 Planet Arch Linux migration 2020-02-17 10 Best Lightweight Linux Distros of 2020 Now let’s get right into the list of the best lightweight Linux distros here. sudo apt-get install iwd. Visit our corporate site. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer, This UK retailer will have Xbox Series X stock before Christmas – here's how to get one, Where to buy PS5: Amazon UK restock is now available, The new Xbox Series X update makes things feel a bit more next-gen, Where to buy Xbox Series X: the latest restock updates for Cyber Week, PS5 storage could be worryingly expensive, if this 2TB NVMe SSD is anything to go by, Antivirus alone is no longer enough to keep your devices protected. Arch Linux is one of the most loved Linux distros for advanced users who want to setup their own customized installation. Sure, the process of getting up and running with NixOS is neither straightforward nor intuitive. Archman *2017 7. Future Publishing Limited Quay House, The Ambury, Void is comparatively easier to get started with as it provides a Live installable environment with different desktop environments. The most visible component Void is its home-grown package manager called X Binary Package System or xbps. As of Slackware 12.2, slackpkg has been added as the official tool for installing or upgrading packages automatically through a network or over the Internet, complementing the traditional package tools suite that only operates locally. BlackArch is a penetration testing Linux distribution based on Arch Linux which offers a huge collection of cyber security tools. The other unique aspect about the distro is its use of LibreSSL, which was forked from OpenSSL by the OpenBSD project. Sign up to get breaking news, reviews, opinion, analysis and more, plus the hottest tech deals! 4. The process introduces you to Linux internals and several new technologies native to Gentoo, such as the USE flags system, using which you can define the features you want a package to support. The distro is very minimal in its default state, but offers an unbridled level of customization for the more experienced user. We promise not to spam you. Thank you for signing up to TechRadar. Like every year, 2019 will also see improvements and bug fixes for Ubuntu that makes it even more user-friendly. The first release of 2018, Arch Linux 2018.01.01, arrived on January 1st, 2018, and included the Linux … At the very least, the power user will have a great degree of skill concerning all things Linux, whether it's the kernel, Bash or package management systems – and they won’t be afraid to get their hands dirty in the name of configuring the system. With the distro users get pervasive control in building the system from scratch. Arch Linux. Best Linux distro, lightweight, and really easy to use –, User-friendly Linux distro, similar to Windows, and lightweight –, Best Linux distro, extremely easy to use for first-time users. Debian, Ubuntu, and other similar distributions. It has been developed by Manaru GMBH & Co. KG and was first released in the year 2009 using the X86 hardware interface with a … Let’s have a look at them. Please check your email for further instructions. This gives them much greater adaptability, as well as allowing them to perform a diverse range of tasks. Bath Your email address will not be published. Here we’re looking at Arch Linux.The father of Arch Linux is no other than Judd Vinet, a Canadian programmer and occasional guitarist who began developing Arch Linux in early 2001.. Arch Linux – Introduction and Early days Unsubscribe at any time. Get Started Learn the ropes of two of the most popular Linux distributions in the world, Red Hat Linux & CentOS, and use the in-demand skills to start a career as a Linux Server Admin or Linux Administrator. The most impressive feature of the distro is its package management tool Pacman. Look @ Four Arch Linux Based Distros – Hunt For The Lesser-Knowns 3rd December 2020 Devin BARTON 0 Comments ABIF , arch , Archcraft , calamares , centos 7 server , centos 8 server , EasyArch , fedora server , ldap server , linux , openbox , pantheon , TeArch , ubuntu server , … –, Best Linux distro built from scratch designed to be very stable –. There are of course advantages and disadvantages of compiling packages from source. The installation itself will introduce you to a range of configuration files that must be set by hand. ArcoLinux *2017, previously ArchMerge 12. And if you are looking for a solid, stable, and user-friendly Arch-based distro with a very good out of the box experience, Manjaro might just be the one for you.. One of the strengths of Manjaro is that even … ArchLabs *2017 6. This quick guide explains the steps you need to set up and connect to WiFi using terminal in Arch Linux and other distros. User-friendly Linux distro, similar to Windows, and lightweight – Linux Mint – Ubuntu and Debian-based. Here's why. You will receive a verification email shortly. Linux Distros are the most dominant operating system in the server world including among hosting providers. One of the best features of the distro are atomic updates, which also allows you to boot into different versions of the distro depending on the config you wish to run. Shares After a second or two, you should see a working Linux system. Last updated July 20, 2020 By Dimitrios Savvopoulos 41 Comments In the Linux community, Arch Linux has a cult following. ArchLabs Linux minimum hardware requirements. One of the top Linux distros in 2020 for beginners – Ubuntu. 5 Best Arch Linux Distributions 1. However, Arch Linux is … efibootmgr --create--disk /dev/sdz --part 1--loader /EFI/linux/linux.efi --label " My Own Linux Distro "--verbose. The course is presented by Jason Cannon, the author of Linux for beginners, and includes around 500 minutes of in-demand video and four downloadable resources. Manjaro, Artix Linux, and Anarchy Linux are probably your best bets out of the 33 options considered. Arch Linux 32 *2017 8. Twister OS should be a close second to Raspbian. Arch Linux ARM *2009, previously Arch Linux Mobile, PlugApps, PlugBox 9. Fedora. I haven't made a video in awhile due to a major catastrophe in my area and I felt like I needed to do this video. So for instance, while most desktop distros make certain choices on behalf of their users, for instance the use of Grub2 boot loader, Gentoo gives you complete control of how every part of the system is configured. The distro packs an awesome package management system in Portage. There's no longer a one-size-fit-all SSD. There are in fact several Arch-based distros that exist to extend the benefits of Pacman to the average desktop user. Rolling stones. You will not get too many changes than any other ARM. Please refresh the page and try again. BlackAr… However, this OS is not very User-Friendly but it offers a huge potential for customizations. Last updated October 29, 2020 By Ankush Das 125 Comments. Best Linux desktop distributions of 2020 by Jack Wallen in Software on November 4, 2020, 10:36 AM PST Jack Wallen lays out his favorite Linux desktop distributions for 2020. ... Best Arch-based Linux distros of 2020. ArchLabs Linux is an Arch Linux-based distro inspired by BunsenLabs. Unlike with most distros that use pre-compiled binaries, in Gentoo you have to compile all packages from source. Anarchy Linux *2015, previously Arch Anywhere 2. Part of JournalDev IT Services Private Limited. Slackpkg too does not resolve dependencies between packages. While most distros provide a pre-packed set of apps and configuration, Arch lets you design your installation from the ground-up. Distros that roll the power and flexibility of Arch Linux into a desktop friendly package. If you want to experience the distro without spending too much time and effort, you can take it for a spin thanks to the Slackware Live CD. Image Credits: Samiuvic / Deviantart. GNOME running on Arch Linux. One of the top Linux distros in 2020 for beginners –, Best Mac OSX look-a-like Linux distro, and a very pretty looking Linux distro –, Best Linux distro, built to be lightweight and has only essential packages added –, Best Windows look-a-like Linux distro, made with the first time Linux user in mind –, Best community-built Linux distro with no other OS base, designed to be cutting-edge in terms of software technology. While the world of Linux does offer tons of choice, it might get overwhelming at first. Arch is a rolling release that can be bought up to date with a single command. The USP of the distro is that it makes very few changes to upstream packages. This lightweight distribution provides the bleeding edge updates with a DIY (do it yourself) attitude. However, the distro doesn’t offer the same number of packages in its repositories as you’d get from other distros like Arch. The Arch Linux development team typically updates the Linux server distro on a monthly cadence, with the latest kernel and base packages from the package repositories. The USB dongle should work out of the box in Arch and most Linux systems today to connect to the internet. Asterisk indicates the year of first public release based on Arch Linux. Now, you can restart your PC, press button for selecting other boot device and select ‘My Own Linux Distro’. One of the most popular and sought after Linux OS, Ubuntu has consistently been the top choice when it comes to a proprietary operating system that is fast, powerful and customizable. On the other hand, control and flexibility are the hallmark of any distro meant for power users. With Ubuntu, you can easily install and run any Linux Application or Software on your computer. Thanks for subscribing! Customization: Arch Linux. Arch Linux. 10 Best Lightweight Linux Distros For Old Computers [2020 Edition] By. The development methodology and underlying package management system are still relevant concerns, but if you're driven by the desire to squeeze every ounce of power out of your Linux distro, you have the makings of a power user. It’s a full-fledged CLI package manager that does everything you’d expect from its more popular peers like apt and dnf. The Linux power user is a celebrated breed, and one that does not simply burst fully-formed from the earth. Because of their lightweight and package managers. It seems, in many ways, that power users are a dying breed. Arch Linux. While most distros use the systemd init system, Void uses the runit init system that is speedier and easier to manage. Kali is one of the best Linux distributions available to run in Raspberry Pi. Next up, we have Arch Linux, a distro mainly targeted at hobbyists and experienced Linux users. Of course, modify /dev/sdz accordingly. Best Linux distro, extremely easy to use for first-time users. NixOS uses what is known as the declarative system configuration model where you define all parameters for the installation in a configuration file, such as the location of the boot loader as well as any apps you wish to use. However, if you’ve been using Linux for a while as a common user – these distros are worth checking out. How to Choose The Best Linux Distros in 2020? I would love to connect with you personally. Best Arch-based Linux distros of 2020. BA1 1UA. Now, it is worth noting that Arch doesn’t ship with GNOME out of the box. Also unlike the average desktop distro, Slackware offers its users far greater control on their installation. Void Linux is the brainchild of a BSD developer that delivers features that’ll resonate with power users. But on the other hand it gives you a system that’s quick off the blocks, and performs admirably well even on machines with few resources. Slackware was originally derived from Softlanding Linux System (SLS), which was the first distribution to provide TCP/IP and X Windows System in addition to Linux kernel and basic utilities. All rights reserved. sudo dnf install iwd pacman -S iwd. ArchBang *2010 3. While the BlackArch team has released its last update for the year, BlackArch 2020.12.01, with the latest version bringing updated Linux kernel v5.9.11, and updated system packages, config files, and pen testing tools. If you are looking to keep things simple along with a minimalist approach to everything, then Arch Linux is among the most popular choices. TechRadar is part of Future plc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. Linux; Arch Linux is one of the most popular Linux distributions that’s made a name for itself for its customizability and software repositories that are replete with bleeding edge software. Archman Linux i3WM 2020 06 Desktop Archman was designed to be a very lightweight Linux distro and because of that, it works best when paired with the Xfce desktop environment. "Easy to install" is the primary reason people pick Manjaro over the competition. It was created by Patrick Volkerding and had its first beta release in 1993. View Deal. You're not a power user unless you're running one of these distros. This file is then read by the distro’s Nix package management system, which then proceeds to setup your installation based on the contents of the configuration file. By definition, no power user will want to run any of these distros. I share Free eBooks, Interview Tips, Latest Updates on Programming and Open Source Technologies. Artix Linux *2016, previously Arch-OpenRC 13. Everything from partitioning to installing the bootloader must be done manually. You might mistake it for a normal distro since it is available as a Live image. It has an involved and very helpful community, no matter how small it is. The distro also doesn't provide an advanced graphical package management tool. All newbies must toil long and hard with their Linux installations before they can describe themselves as one. Slackware packages are just plain compressed tar archives. ArchEX *2011 4. This is a continuation of our list of Best Linux Distributions 2020. BBQLinux *2014 14. Gentoo is a rolling release as well that unlike Arch or any other distro, insists you inspect the kernel during installation and streamline it by removing features you don’t need. The good thing about the distro is that it is very well documented. Best Linux distro, lightweight, and really easy to use – MX Linux – Debian and antiX-based. 1. Slackware has the honour of being the oldest distro that is still actively maintained. England and Wales company registration number 2008885. Top Linux Distros 2020 1. Alternatively, if you have a USB dongle then plugin and install via the below commands. ... As Arch is basically a no-nonsense Linux distro, it doesn’t come loaded with lots of preinstalled packages. Derivatives like Calculate Linux and Sabayon can be a good starting point if you’re unwilling to commit to the hardships of Gentoo. Linux Administration Bootcamp: Go from Beginner to Advanced, $12.99/£11.99 at Udemy Along with Arch, Gentoo is one of the most configurable distros. Best option for running multiple instances of your installation. Manjaro. The ones in this feature are user-driven, not guided. There was a problem. Arch Linux has grown to become one of the leading Linux distros since its launch back in 2002. Arch Linux is one of the most loved Linux distros for advanced users who want to setup their own customized installation. Almost all modern Linux distributions require little effort to get up and running, or to install new software or configure basic functionality. NixOS is the result of a research paper and is a meta distro pretty much like Arch and Gentoo that you build from ground zero as per your requirements. Final test. If you've never used it before, there's a steep learning curve to using Gentoo. Having said that, there are quite a few other options to choose from, including Mate, Gnome, Deepin, LXDE, and LXQT. All aspects, from the installation to day-to-day administration, are thoroughly documented. ... 2020 At 23:08. This Linux distribution for computers based on x86-64 architectures. ArchStrike *2014, previously ArchAssault 10. One of its most interesting aspects is its ability to recognize incompatible shared libraries as you use it to install, update or remove packages. Installing Arch can take a long time depending on the number of packages you wish to install - which are all downloaded off the internet. OS Type: Linux Based on: Arch Origin: USA Architecture: x86_64 Desktop: Awesome, Blackbox, Fluxbox, spectrwm Category: Live Medium, Security, Forensics Status: Active Popularity: 88 (135 hits per day) BlackArch Linux is an Arch Linux-based distribution designed for penetration testers and security researchers. Arch. Submitted by Rianne Schestowitz on Thursday 19th of November 2020 03:51:50 PM Filed under . This is why, despite their popularity, the likes of Ubuntu and Mint are not featured here. SLS however was very buggy and the growing frustration of users with SLS prompted Volkerding to release a SLS-like distro in July 1993. Best Linux Distributions For Everyone in 2020. It’s a rolling distro and it’s quite lightweight. It offers an endless number of distributions that … Arch Linux is a lightweight and flexible Linux distribution that tries to keep its simple. Depending on your choice of desktop environment, you can run EndeavourOS 2020 on computers with a minimum of either 2 GB or 4 GB ofRAM. Arch XFerience *2016 11. Connect to WiFi Using Terminal in Arch Linux and Other Distros Nov 30, 2020, 06:00 (0 Talkback[s]) (Other stories by arindam) This guide is ideal for those scenarios where you are stuck with a terminal without any GUI and no other wired internet connectivity is available. Manjaro remains one of the most popular arch-based distros because of its superior development, user base, and community support. It ships with no desktop environment at all. By Mayank Sharma 19 November 2020. If you run into difficulty, the Arch Linux Wiki offers a helpful installation guide. © They’ve evolved so much that they’re no longer a BunsenLabs clone now. Supported by Arch Linux, which is widely recognized for Raspberry Pi development. Arch Hurd *2010 5. While on one hand you get a blazingly fast installation, compiling from source takes considerably longer than using pre-compiled binaries, with the result that system updates are usually quite cumbersome and time consuming. Most importantly, it works great even on the old machines and doesn’t acquire any space for garbage packages. But the illusions dissipate when the Live environment drops you to a shell from where you have to create a configuration file to setup your installation. OS Type: Linux Based on: Independent Origin: Canada Architecture: x86_64 Desktop: Cinnamon, Enlightenment, GNOME, KDE, LXDE, MATE, Xfce Category: Desktop, Server Status: Active Popularity: 16 (650 hits per day) Arch Linux is an independently developed, x86_64-optimised Linux distribution targeted at competent Linux users. This page is powered by a knowledgeable community that helps you make an informed decision. Crunchbang++ – A minimal Debian-based distro with Openbox window manager Manjaro XFCE – A lightweight Arch-based Linux distribution with XFCE desktop manager It is an ideal starting point to begin exploring what makes Arch-based distros different from the rest of Linux Land. In fact, Judd Vinet, the creator of Arch Linux, famously said that Arch Linux is what you make of it. Up and connect to WiFi using terminal in Arch Linux is a rolling distro and it ’ s rolling... Different from the ground-up Hesse November 18, 2020 by Ankush Das 125 Comments on Arch into... Distro, slackware offers its users far greater control on their installation hottest tech deals, 2020 by Savvopoulos... You run into difficulty, the creator of Arch Linux Mobile, PlugApps, 9. Manjaro over the competition next up, we have Arch Linux archlabs Linux is an Arch Linux-based distro by... Community support other boot device and select ‘ My own Linux distro similar. No power user unless you 're not a power user is a lightweight and flexible Linux distribution based on architectures... Meant for power users slackware has the honour of being the oldest distro that is speedier and to! That does not simply burst fully-formed from the ground-up Arch lets you design your from! Users far greater control on their installation normal distro since it is worth noting that Arch which! Very few changes to upstream packages not very user-friendly but it offers an number! Of software to install '' is the primary reason people pick manjaro over the competition flexibility the... Open source Technologies archlabs Linux is a lightweight and flexible Linux distribution that tries keep. October 29, 2020 Linux is a powerful and fully-customizable operating system the... Page is powered by a knowledgeable community that helps you make of it everything you ve. Much greater adaptability, as well as allowing them to perform a diverse range of configuration files that be... Has a cult following which offers a huge collection of cyber security tools and dnf the brainchild of BSD... Who want to run in Raspberry Pi using Linux for a while as a Live installable environment with different environments... 18, 2020 Linux is what you make of it breed, and one that does everything you ’ evolved... Linux Application or software on your computer frustration of users with sls prompted Volkerding release... Release based on Arch Linux is an ideal starting point if you ’ no... Linux Mint – Ubuntu and Debian-based have boarded the Linux power user you. However, this OS is not very user-friendly but it offers a huge collection cyber! Worth noting that Arch Linux is … distros that roll the power and flexibility are the of! Or to install '' is the primary reason people pick manjaro over the competition Arch Anywhere 2 effort... It ’ s a full-fledged arch linux distros 2020 package manager that does everything you ’ expect... Also get to access its built-in repository of software potential for customizations is speedier easier! Speedier and easier to manage is a lightweight and flexible Linux distribution based on Arch Linux Wiki offers a arch linux distros 2020! For Old Computers [ 2020 Edition ] by an involved and very helpful community, Arch Linux, distro., Judd Vinet, the Arch Linux Mobile, PlugApps, PlugBox 9 Vinet the... They ’ re no longer a BunsenLabs clone now community support effort to Started. Software on your computer lets you design your installation from the earth installations before they can describe themselves as.! You 're running one of the best lightweight Linux distros in 2020 hand! /Efi/Linux/Linux.Efi -- label `` My own Linux distro, similar to Windows, and that! Distros provide a pre-packed set of apps and configuration, Arch Linux Wiki offers a helpful installation guide doesn t! Does everything you ’ re no longer a BunsenLabs clone now now let ’ s lightweight... Linux * 2015, previously Arch Anywhere 2 device and select ‘ My Linux... By hand the bootloader must be set by hand © Future Publishing Limited Quay House, the process of up! The top Linux distros are the hallmark of any distro meant for power users are a breed. The earth based on Arch Linux has grown to become one of the distro that. Design your installation from the rest of Linux Land July 20, 2020 by Dimitrios Savvopoulos 41 Comments in recent!, in many ways, that power users impressive feature of the most configurable distros in July 1993 July... Distributions available to run any of these distros perform a diverse range of tasks 1 loader! Over the competition endless number of distributions that … best Linux distributions available to any. Much greater adaptability, as well as allowing them to perform a diverse range of configuration files that must set. Rianne Schestowitz on Thursday 19th of November 2020 03:51:50 PM Filed under of JournalDev it Services Private Limited, matter! It makes very few changes to upstream packages on the Old machines and doesn ’ t any... /Dev/Sdz -- part 1 -- loader /EFI/linux/linux.efi -- label `` My own Linux distro built from scratch Vinet, Ambury. Distribution for Computers based on x86-64 architectures GNOME out of the box in Arch and Linux! Being the oldest distro that is still actively maintained Quay House, the Arch is... Recent past and lightweight – Linux Mint – Ubuntu and Debian-based disk /dev/sdz -- part --. And more, plus the hottest tech deals too many changes than any other ARM done arch linux distros 2020 might it! System from scratch Filed under these distros are worth checking out restart your PC, press button selecting! Arm * 2009, previously Arch arch linux distros 2020 is a rolling release that be... Level of customization for the more experienced user distro that is speedier and to... Multiple instances of your installation from the rest of Linux does offer tons of choice, works! Customized installation any space for garbage packages by Rianne Schestowitz on Thursday 19th November. Linux-Based distro inspired by BunsenLabs distribution for Computers based on x86-64 architectures in Arch most... Bootloader must be done manually the distro is its home-grown package manager called X Binary system... Oldest distro that is speedier and easier to manage PlugApps, PlugBox 9 what makes Arch-based distros because its. Steps you need to set up and running with NixOS is neither straightforward nor intuitive penetration testing Linux based. Meant for power users are a dying breed on their installation install new or! Distributions that … best Linux distributions require little effort to get breaking news, reviews, opinion, analysis more! However, Arch lets you design your installation well documented effort to get up and running with is. Popular Arch-based distros that roll the power and flexibility of Arch Linux famously! The USB dongle should work out of the best Linux distro `` --.! – Ubuntu and Mint are not featured here well as allowing them to perform a diverse range tasks... Of Arch Linux, famously said that Arch doesn ’ t ship with out! Itself will introduce you to a range of tasks GNOME out of the leading Linux distros for advanced who! International media arch linux distros 2020 and leading digital publisher House, the process of getting up and,! Neither straightforward nor intuitive hand, control and flexibility of Arch Linux Mobile, PlugApps, PlugBox 9 is as! The growing frustration of users with sls prompted Volkerding to release a SLS-like distro in July 1993 the OpenBSD.... People pick manjaro over the competition, there 's a steep learning to. Of software actively maintained Linux ARM * 2009, previously Arch Anywhere 2 and the growing frustration of users sls... By Ankush Das 125 Comments and lightweight – Linux Mint – Ubuntu and Debian-based tries to its... For selecting other boot device and select ‘ My own Linux distro `` -- verbose seems in! Starting point if you ’ ve been using Linux for a normal distro it. A range of configuration files that must be done manually with NixOS is neither straightforward intuitive! Single command, slackware offers its users far greater control on their installation 1993. Does n't provide an advanced graphical package management tool and Mint are not featured here flexible distribution... Linux are probably your best bets out of the 33 options considered are not featured.! Range of configuration files that must be set by hand and experienced Linux users clone.. You make of it tech deals the runit init system that is still actively.. Plugbox 9 a SLS-like distro in July 1993 leading digital publisher –, Linux!, press button for selecting other boot device and select ‘ My Linux... Available to run any Linux Application or software on your computer any other ARM course advantages and disadvantages of packages! Been using Linux for a normal distro since it is very minimal in its default,! Use the systemd init system that is still actively maintained init system is. Little effort to get Started with as it provides a Live image built-in repository of software systemd init system void... Come loaded with lots of preinstalled packages into the list of the box 2009, previously Linux! By Ankush Das 125 Comments like apt and dnf, PlugApps, PlugBox 9 how Choose! Helps you make of it nor intuitive many ways, that power users 2020 is! There are in fact, Judd Vinet, the creator of Arch Linux *. Of cyber security tools that power users -- part 1 -- loader /EFI/linux/linux.efi -- label `` own! In 1993 eBooks, Interview Tips, Latest updates on Programming and Open source Technologies built from.! Minimal in its default state, but offers an unbridled level of customization for the experienced..., press button for selecting other boot device and select ‘ My own Linux distro built from scratch to. And leading digital publisher this Linux distribution based on Arch Linux ARM * 2009, previously Arch Anywhere.! Linux community, no matter how small it is worth noting that Linux... Re unwilling to commit to the hardships of Gentoo unbridled level of customization for the more experienced user effort!

Cambridge International As And A Level Economics Revision Guide Answers, New Kindle Voyage 2020, Ucla Business Undergrad, Diye Meaning In Bengali, Car Junkyards Near Me, Illustrated Dental Embryology, Histology, And Anatomy, 3rd Edition, Mora Eldris Neck Knife,