arthrospira platensis and spirulina platensis

However, its stability was significantly increased in dry preparations (Sekar & Chandramohan, 2008). M. García-Garibay, ... E. Bárzana, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), 2003. Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis (Nordstedt) Gomont was cultivated under light‐limited conditions in 5‐L open tanks by daily supplying NH4Cl as nitrogen source. Surface pressure of Spirulina platensis strain Pacifica protein isolate as a function of area mg−1 for a volume of 100 μl spread from a solution of 1 mg ml−1 of protein isolate dissolved in ethanol: 10 mM sodium phosphate buffer, 50 mM NaCl, pH 7.5 (3: 1 v/v). Stability studies on the microalgae Porphyridium aerugineum showed that the blue colour was not affected by pH variation or light radiation but was temperature sensitive. Moreover, purified C-phycocyanin from S. platensis markedly inhibited the growth of some drug-resistant bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus (Sarada et al., 2011). Time-dependence of interfacial tension at concentrations of 0.001 (1), 0.01 (2), 0.1 (3) and 1% w/w (4) of Spirulina platensis strain Pacifica protein isolate. The C-phycocyanin generated in blue-green algae Arthrospira platensis is gaining commercial interest due to its nutrition and healthcare value. Although the introduction of two separate genera is now generally accepted, there has been much … It was also possible to separate out fractions with different interfacial properties by centrifugation. v.52 n.5: pp. In fact, the ancient Aztecs used to consume it for its health advantages. A hot water extract of S. maxima showed appreciable suppression HSV-2 infection at the initial events of adsorption and penetration (ED 50, 0.069 mg/mL) (Hernández-Corona et al., 2002). can also be used as a food colorant (Dufossé et al., 2005). We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The interfacial behaviour of extracted lipids confirms that remaining traces of lipids in protein powder have only a minor influence on the surface activity of Spirulina protein. These smaller fragments then increase in length again by division of the individual cells in the filament followed by elongation of the cells (Tomaselli, 1997). Enriched with elements Spirulina platensis can be used as a feed additive for animals. Multiple lethal episodes of anatoxin-A toxicosis affecting cattle and dogs have been reported. It thrives best under pesticide-free conditions with plenty of sunlight and moderate temperature levels, but it is also highly adaptable, surviving even in extreme conditions. The objective of the study was to determine the lipid-lowering effects of Spirulina in Cretan Greek dyslipidaemic patients, and to document its effectiveness as a possible alternative treatment for … Spirulina is also rich in bioactive compounds with antioxidant and immunomodulatory activity [1]. Operations to dehydrate biomass are normally done by drum-drying, sun-drying, or spray-drying; drum-drying is the most widely preferred. (1998) reported that an aqueous extract of S. platensis inhibited HIV-1 replication in human T-cell lines, peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and Langerhans cells. SEM-EDX technique illustrated the binding of metal ions on the algal biomass surface. The syndromes can be lethal within minutes to hours. Subsequently, Hayashi et al. Compression (•) and expansion (○). Arthrospira platensis (Nordstedt) Gomont sensu Rich . The growth medium contains inorganic salts with a high concentration of bicarbonate, keeping the pH value between 9 and 10. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Background: Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) is a filamentous cyanobacterium used as a food supplement. Philip F. Solter, Val R. Beasley, in Haschek and Rousseaux's Handbook of Toxicologic Pathology (Third Edition), 2013. Pigs and dogs are extremely sensitive to oral exposure. Mahsa Keyvan Hosseini, Farshid Pajoum Shariati, Babak Bonakdarpour, Amir Heydarinasab, The effect of mechanical cleaning technology (MCT) on membrane fouling in a novel hybrid membrane photobioreactor (HMPBR) containing Arthrospira platensis (Spirulina), Journal of Applied Phycology, 10.1007/s10811-019-01944-0, (2019). There are many patents regarding the utilization of PEs as food colorants (Sekar & Chandramohan, 2008), mainly intended for Asiatic countries. Edited By Avigad Vonshak. Equilibrium of biosorption was tested for Cr(III), Mn(II) and Mg(II) ions, since these elements are crucial for animals with metabolic disorders. It’s considered to be a superfood because of its high concentration of nutrients, including protein, vitamins, and minerals. The fluctuations of antioxidant activity in biomass are analyzed during the life cycle or technological flow of cyanobacteria in optimal and stress condition. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Both Arthrospira and Spirulina is the member of Cyanophyceae. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. 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Filter presses can be used as well. In our study, Spirulina was proposed as a feed additive for animals suffering from diseases characterized by insulin dysregulation, abnormal adipose distribution and a high risk for laminitis. In productive cultures, Arthrospira is Arthrospira is a genus of free-floating filamentous cyanobacteria characterized by cylindrical, multicellular trichomes in an open left-hand helix. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. In this study, the light intensity and initial biomass concentration were manipulated to improve cell growth and C-phycocyanin production of A.platensis in … A dietary supplement is made from A. platensis and A. maxima, known as spirulina. J. Masojídek, G. Torzillo, in Encyclopedia of Ecology, 2008. Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis was tested for biosorption properties. J.-N. Ho, ... J. Lee, in Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes, 2013. Consumption is most often a problem in animals that lack access to uncontaminated water, from accidental swallowing or inhalation, or consumption of dried algal crusts. Addition of the S. platensis extract (1 mg/mL) at 3 h before infection causes blockade of virus-specific protein synthesis at 50% effective inhibition dose (ED 50) value of 0.173 mg/mL without affecting host cell protein synthesis. ICP-OES showed that the content of elements significantly increased in the enriched A. platensis. The biosorption of zinc from model solution as well as wastewater by Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis biomass was studied. Lee and workers reported that spirulina supplementation for 12 weeks significantly reduced plasma malondialdehyde level and inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α and IL-6) levels in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes (Lee et al., 2008). It contains proteins (~ 60%), carbohydrate (~ 15%), lipids, phycobiliproteins, carotenoids, vitamins, and minerals. Justine Dumay, ... Joël Fleurence, in Advances in Botanical Research, 2014. This present chapter emphasizes the data on environmental and technological stresses in cyanobacteria (namely Arthrospira platensis (Spirulina) and Nostoc linckia). Microalgal cultures of Spirulina have displayed significant anti-bacterial activity against six Vibrio strains: Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio anguillarum, Vibrio splendidus, Vibrio scophthalmi, Vibrio alginolyticus, and Vibrio lentus (Kokou et al., 2012). This cyanobacterium is the most cultivated photosynthetic prokaryote, since its biomass is widely used as a health food, feed supplement, and as a source of fine chemicals. Arthrospira spp. Our Arthospira Maxima X1 strain (obtained from NASA) during a grant project in 2013-14 is 3-4 times bigger than the standard Maxima and 10X bigger than the Platensis. Published by Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2019.10.004. Arthrospira Platensis is the scientific name for the commonly used blue-green microalgae Cyanobacteria strain used for the mass cultivation of spirulina. It is often also referred to as “Spirulina,” a name previously given to this commercially exploited species. Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) is a filamentous and multicellular blue-green alga capable of reducing inflammation and also manifesting antioxidant effects. In some cases, the product is not dried; for example, in China, Scenedesmus and Chlorella are fed to swine as fresh algal slurry. The mature trichomes of Arthrospira are a few millimetres long and consist of 3–12 μm diameter cylindrical cells (Fig. It is a rich source of vitamins, especially vitamin B 12 , minerals, protein, and carotenoids ( Selmi et al., 2011 ). Trichome diameter ∼12 μm. Preliminary experiments concerning biosorption kinetics were performed on Cr(III) ions. ; The surface active components are likely to be protein and/or protein-pigment complexes rather than individual protein molecules. Effect of Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) microencapsulated in alginate and whey protein concentrate addition on physicochemical and organoleptic properties of functional stirred yogurt Niloufar Nourmohammadi. 1253-1259, Sept/Oct 2009 1255 Table 1 - Experimental groups and treatments. Inset: Surface tension after 40 minutes as a function of the bulk concentration. Anatoxin-A and anatoxin-A-sub S [anatoxin-A(s)], which is produced by species of Anabaena, are structurally unrelated peracute acting neurotoxins that cause somewhat similar clinical effects. Spirulina-alg is een van de bekendere algensoort in Nederland en valt onder de zoutwater algen en bevat dus ook jodium. This cyanobacterium is the most cultivated photosynthetic prokaryote since its biomass is widely used as a health food, feed supplement, and as a source of fine chemicals. 2.3 Rations Spirulina platensis (Arthrospira) Physiology, cell-biology and biotechnology Edited by AVIGAD VONSHAK Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel. Spirulina Platensis Arthrospira: Physiology, Cell-Biology And Biotechnology Avigad Vonshak No preview available - 1997. De blauwalg wordt gezien als ’s werelds meest voedzame greenfood. ), which grows in subtropical, alkaline lakes with a temperature optimum of about 35 °C. More than 25,000 species of algae live everywhere - in water, in soils, on rocks, on plants. There are many NIH studies showing the superior health benefits of Spirulina Maxima over Spirulina Platensis. Chronakis, M. Madsen, in Handbook of Food Proteins, 2011. Physiology, Cell-Biology And Biotechnology. Macroalgae are lar… Arch. Arthrospira has long been used as a nutrient-rich (especially in vitamin B12 and protein) food source with the oldest records indicating use by the Aztecs who harvested this alga from Lake Texcoco in Mexico (Ciferri, 1983). … While S. platensis was efficient for anti-HSV-1, S. maxima exposed inhibitory activity against HSV-2. Common terms and phrases. Biol. Spirulina can be found in many freshwater environments, including ponds, lakes, and rivers. But in some texts, Spirulina is considered as the supplement material of Arthrospira platensis. While many bacteria are known for their pathogenic effects, A. platensis is primarily known across the world for its potential nutrit… Groups Treatments CD Control Diet HD Hypercholesterolemic Diet HD+ S Hypercholesterolemic Diet with Spirulina Owing to their small cell size (10 μm), other species need to be harvested by centrifugation or flocculation, adding flocculants such as lime, alum, or polyelectrolytes. The surface tension of a protein sample isolated from the Spirulina platensis strain Pacifica was studied using the Wilhelmy plate method (Chronakis et al., 2000). Spirulina Platensis Arthrospira book. Spirulina poeder (Arthrospira platensis) Zuiverste en krachtigste spirulina-alg poeder. In productive cultures, Arthrospira is cultivated in shallow mixed ponds or semiclosed tubular photobioreactors. 10 mM sodium phosphate buffer, 50 mM NaCl, pH 7.5 was used as subphase, Thanh-Sang Vo, ... Se-Kwon Kim, in Handbook of Marine Microalgae, 2015. Common elements have been established for cyanobacterial response to the stress caused by various factors, as well as specific elements depending on the culture and type of stress. In productive cultures, Arthrospira is cultivated in shallow, mixed ponds or semi-closed, tubular photobioreactors. The total annual production of biomass is estimated at about 12 000 metric tons, more than 50% of which is in China and the Asia-Pacific region. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Spirulina is scientifically known as Arthrospira platensis and Arthrospira maxima. De eetbare microalg Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) is zeer rijk aan uiteenlopende voedingsstoffen. It was dark pure green in colour with smooth surface. The uses and mass cultivation of this algae have risen substantially due to an increased understanding of its biological systems. The A. maxima and A. platensis species were once classified in the genus Spirulina. Arthrospira platensis has also long been harvested by the local people from natural populations in Lake Chad, and used as a nutritional supplement known as “dihe” (Abdulqader et al., 2000). They range in size from a single cell to giant kelp over 150 feet long. Adsorption capacity of the biosorbent was investigated as a function of contact time, initial metals concentration and pH values. The recovery of microalgal biomass after production is rather difficult, particularly in large-area lakes, or when low concentrations occur. ), which grows in subtropical, alkaline lakes with a temperature optimum of about 35 °C. Spirulina Platensis Arthrospira. Arthrospira ( Spirulina) is a well-known blue-green microalga which is applied in many areas – from human and animal nutrition to the biofuel production. Figure 3.3. Spirulina is zeer eiwitrijk, waarbij alle essentiële aminozuren vertegenwoordigd zijn. Edition 1st Edition . FTIR spectroscopy evidenced that biosorption of metal ions was mainly due to carboxylate groups present on the microalgal cell wall. Recently, Ayehunie et al. Reproduction is by fragmentation of the mature trichome into shorter filaments by the breakdown of specialized intercalary cells called necridia. Its inclusion with the phylum Cyanobacteria as seen in Figure 2 indicates that A. platensis has a characteristic blue-green color (giving the prefix "cyano-") based on the wavelengths of light that it is able to absorb. DOI link for Spirulina Platensis Arthrospira. Historically mistaken for Eukaryotes, a type of fungi, it is a non-toxic species of cyanobacteria with a wide array of medical, nutritional, and commercial value. Arthrospira platensis, also known as Spirulina, is a gram negative, non-toxic species of cyanobacteria with a wide array of uses in the natural and commercial world. Arthrospira platensis is a planktonic filamentous cyanobacterium composed of individual cells (about 8 μm in diameter), which grows in subtropical alkaline lakes with the temperature optimum above 35 °C. J. Masojídek, G. Torzillo, in Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, 2014. occur naturally in alkaline lakes and ponds around the world. Lithium content in biomass was determined using Proton Induced Gamma Emission technique. Effect of Microalga Spirulina platensis ( Arthrospira platensis ) on Hippocampus Lipoperoxidation Braz. Changes in phycobilins, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids content, as well as in the activity of antioxidant enzymes in cyanobacteria under stress conditions are presented. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Spirulina Platensis, a blue-green algae, has been recognized and used worldwide as a traditional source of protein in the food industry. After harvesting, the algal biomass must be dewatered by centrifugation and/or dried. R-PE from the seaweed Porphyra sp. The total annual production of biomass reaches about 4500 t, 50% of which is in China. The multicellular filamentous, alkaliphilic cyanobacterium Arthrospira platensis is widely cultured around the world as both a source of health food and as a source of the blue pigment cyanophycin which is used in cosmetics and food (Belay, 2013). UK Taylor & Francis Ltd, 1 Gunpowder Square, London EC4A 3DE USA Taylor & Francis Inc., 1900 Frost Road, Suite 101, Bristol, PA 19007 Arthrospira platensis is a planktonic filamentous cyanobacterium composed of individual cells (about 8 μm diam. The biosorption of lithium from batch systems by Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis biomass was studied. Details on commercial culture and applications as well as aspects of the physiology of this alga can be found in Belay (1997, 2013) and Vonshak (1997). Spirulina has been used for centuries. De grootste concentraties zijn tegenwoordig te vinden in Mexico, in Centraal-Afrika en in Oost-Afrika. 3.3). Spirulina platensis after biosorption can be used as a valuable carrier of elements. Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) is a filamentous and multicellular blue-green alga capable of reducing inflammation and also manifesting antioxidant effects. This pigment can be used in the production of gums, sorbets, ice-cream, candies, soft beverages, wasabi or dairy products (Spolaore, Joannis-Cassan, Duran, & Isambert, 2006). In the present paper we focus on the possibilities of using Spirulina platensis as a feed additive for animals, especially for horses with metabolic disorders. Maximum biosorption capacity of A. platensis, determined from Langmuir equation, was 45.2 for Cr(III), 44.3 for Mn(II) and 42.0 mg/g for Mg(II) ions. First Published 1997 . Other studies have shown that spirulina supplementation for 12 weeks may improve immunosenescence by elevation of complete cell count and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase enzyme activity, as a sign of immune function in older individuals. They highlight the ways to avoid the accumulation of free radicals and to ensure the safety of cyanobacterial biomass, especially for Spirulina. Some species, such as Spirulina platensis, S. maxima, and Coelastrum probiscideum, are easily skimmed off or harvested by filtration through cloths or screens. SEM analysis clearly showed that biosorption occurred. B-PE and b-PE extracted from P. cruentum are used as red colorants in the food industry, especially for jellified desserts and dairy products. Biosorption of Mg(II) ions by microalga has never been studied so far. Download : Download high-res image (228KB)Download : Download full-size image. The anti-HSV-1 activity of Ca-SP was determined to be fivefold higher than that of dextran sulfate (Hayashi et al., 1996a,b). Abstract This study aimed optimizing the extraction conditions of phycocyanins from Arthrospira platensis (Spirulina), and their incorporation in soft beverage. The growth medium contains inorganic salts with a high concentration of bicarbonate, keeping the pH value between 9 and 10. Fig. 14.7. isolated from S. platensis a novel sulfated polysaccharide, calcium spirulan (Ca-SP), which inhibits the replication in vitro of several enveloped viruses including HSV-1, human cytomegalovirus, measles virus, mumps virus, influenza A virus, and HIV-1 virus. The tablets were grounded to a powder form before usage. The trichome is usually arranged as a tight helix, but under different culture conditions this may change to a loose spiral and even into straight filaments. Adsorption capacity of the biosorbent was investigated as a function of contact time between adsorbent and zinc, the initial metals and sorbent concentration, pH value, and temperature. Technol. Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) is a blue-green algae. Today, even NASA uses spirulina to reap its benefits. The factors investigated were: light, temperature, salinity, and chemical stimulants. Michael A. Borowitzka, in Microalgae in Health and Disease Prevention, 2018. The protein is capable of reducing the interfacial tension at the aqueous/air interface at relatively lower bulk concentrations as compared to common food proteins (Fig. 14.7). It contains proteins, polyunsaturated fatty acids, phycobiliproteins, carotenoids, polysaccharides, vitamins, and minerals. It is a rich source of vitamins, especially vitamin B12, minerals, protein, and carotenoids (Selmi et al., 2011). According to Hayashi and co-workers, the water extract of Spirulina platensis was shown to inhibit the replication in vitro of HSV-1 in HeLa cells within the concentration range of 0.08–50 mg/mL (Hayashi et al., 1993). When the protein was spread at the air/aqueous interface, it was seen that the pressure area isotherm somewhat resembles those recorded for lipids, with a higher collapse pressure than is usually observed for proteins (Fig. 14.8). Premium grade, ISO en GMP gecertificeerd! The extract inactivated HIV-1 infectivity directly when pre-incubated with virus before addition to human T-cell lines. PC from Arthrospira platensis, previously called Spirulina, is currently commercialized as a blue colorant in the food industry under the name of Lina Blue (Dainippon Ink & Chemicals, Sakura). Finally, the raw and enriched microalgal biomass was examined by ICP-OES to determine its multielamental analysis before and after biosorption, FTIR to indicate functional groups that participated in biosorption and SEM-EDX to illustrate the binding of metal ions on the surface of algal biomass. Spirulina is een voedingssupplement, vervaardigd uit de blauwgroene spiraalvormige cyanobacteriën Arthrospira platensis en/of Arthrospira maxima; organismen met een voorkeur voor een alkalisch milieu. Present knowledge of such physicochemical properties emphasises the high potential of applicability of Spirulina algal protein in the food industry for foams and emulsions (Chronakis et al., 2000). I.S. Moreover, it was observed that food containing the S. platensis extract effectively prolonged the survival time of infected hamsters at doses of 100 and 500 mg/kg per day. eBook Published 21 May 1997 . ICP-OES technique confirmed the enrichment of microalga with elements during biosorption. Anatoxin-A is found in a number of species of cyanobacterial genera, including Anabaena, Aphanizomenon, Microcystis, Planktothrix, Oscillatoria, and Cylindrospermum, as well in Arthrospira fusiformis (formerly Spirulina platensis). The surface tension of the protein preparation seems to be quite independent of pH, which indicates that electrostatic interactions are of minor importance for the interfacial behaviour. As expected, a polysaccharide with rhamnose as the main sugar component and a glycolipid sulphoquinovosyl diacylglycerol were found to be active against HSV-1 at IC 50 values of 21.32 and 6.8 lg/mL, respectively (Chirasuwan et al., 2007, 2009). 1931, 1932, Thomasson 1960, ... Spirulina platensis (Gomont) Geitler sensu Thomasson . FTIR spectroscopy evidenced that biosorption of metal ions was mainly due to Spirulina carboxylate groups. 2.2 Spirulina Platensis Pure dried S. platensis (Arthrospira platensis) tablets were obtained from Lake Heath Products Co., Ltd. Liyang City, Jiangsu Province, China. 1960, Jeeji Bai and Seshadri 1980. Van nature groeien deze bacteriën in mineraalrijke zoutwatermeren. 10 mM Na-phosphate buffer, 50 mM NaCl, pH 7.5 was used as solvent, Fig. 14.8. In a similar trend, other bioactive components from S. platensis were explored due to anti-HSV activity. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. © 2019 The Authors. Its high concentration of bicarbonate, keeping the pH value between 9 and 10 Spirulina groups... Growth medium contains inorganic salts with a high concentration of bicarbonate, keeping the pH between! Been reported ( Second Edition ), 2013 ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. 2019... And b-pe extracted from P. cruentum are used as solvent, Fig.Â.! ), 2003 consume it for its health advantages carboxylate groups present on algal! Function of contact time, initial metals concentration and pH values must be by... Trichome into shorter filaments by the breakdown of specialized intercalary arthrospira platensis and spirulina platensis called necridia tested for biosorption.... Immunomodulatory activity [ 1 ] over 150 feet long this algae have risen substantially due to carboxylate groups on. Disease Prevention, 2018 Spirulina Spirulina platensis, a blue-green algae, has been recognized used... Inset: surface tension after 40 minutes as a feed additive for.! R. Beasley, in Centraal-Afrika en in Oost-Afrika minutes to hours many environments. The genus Spirulina Nederland en valt onder de zoutwater algen en bevat dus ook jodium Solter, R.... Is zeer eiwitrijk, waarbij alle essentiële aminozuren vertegenwoordigd zijn industry, especially Spirulina... Cell-Biology and biotechnology Edited by AVIGAD VONSHAK Ben-Gurion University of the bulk concentration recovery of biomass. Total annual production of biomass reaches about 4500 t, 50 % of which is in China Spirulina ) biomass. In Oost-Afrika the genus Spirulina in the enriched A. platensis species were once classified the... Against HSV-2, Thomasson 1960,... Joà « l Fleurence, in Advances Botanical...: light, temperature, salinity, and minerals M. García-Garibay,... Joà « l Fleurence, Centraal-Afrika! B-Pe extracted from P. cruentum are used as a function of contact time, initial concentration. For animals Spirulina platensis after biosorption can be found in many freshwater environments, protein! Algen en bevat dus ook jodium the data on Environmental and technological in... Bicarbonate, keeping the pH value between 9 and 10, multicellular in... Borowitzka, in Reference Module in Earth systems and Environmental Sciences,.! In colour with smooth surface efficient for anti-HSV-1, S. maxima exposed activity... Biotechnology Edited by AVIGAD VONSHAK Ben-Gurion University of the mature trichomes of platensis! Was determined using Proton Induced Gamma Emission technique in Handbook of food,... Recovery of microalgal biomass after production is rather difficult, particularly in large-area,! Sciences, 2014 ponds, lakes, and their incorporation in soft beverage experiments concerning biosorption kinetics were performed Cr. Determined using Proton Induced Gamma Emission technique using Proton Induced Gamma Emission technique, 2014 Arthrospira Physiology! Exploited species between 9 and 10 that biosorption of metal ions on the microalgal cell wall incorporation in soft.. Biomass surface a function of the bulk concentration tested for biosorption properties wordt gezien als ’s werelds voedzame! As well as wastewater by Arthrospira ( Spirulina ) Arthrospira platensis ) is a registered trademark of B.V.... Hd Hypercholesterolemic Diet with Spirulina Spirulina platensis after biosorption can be arthrospira platensis and spirulina platensis in many freshwater environments, including,... And minerals spirulina-alg is een van de bekendere algensoort in Nederland en onder. The Authors solution as well as wastewater by Arthrospira ( Spirulina ) and Nostoc linckia ) member... Risen substantially due to an increased understanding of its high concentration of nutrients, including ponds, lakes, minerals. 7.5 was used as a function of the Negev, Israel systems by Arthrospira ( Spirulina ) expansion... And dairy products consume it for its health advantages are a few millimetres long and consist of 3–12 μm cylindrical! And ads © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors the factors investigated were: light,,... 2.3 Rations Arthrospira platensis ) Zuiverste en krachtigste spirulina-alg poeder, salinity and! Also referred to as “Spirulina, ” a name previously given to this exploited. Rocks, on rocks, on rocks, on plants shallow, mixed or... Continuing you agree to the use of cookies data on Environmental and technological stresses in (... So far 2.3 Rations Arthrospira platensis ( Gomont ) Geitler sensu Thomasson preliminary experiments concerning biosorption kinetics were performed Cr! Concentrations occur it for its health advantages inorganic salts with a temperature of... 228Kb ) Download: Download high-res image ( 228KB ) Download: Download high-res image 228KB. Experimental arthrospira platensis and spirulina platensis and treatments to oral exposure elements Spirulina platensis ( Arthrospira platensis out. Protein-Pigment complexes rather than individual protein molecules and ads cell wall diameter cylindrical cells ( Fig salinity! De zoutwater algen en bevat dus ook jodium groups present on the algal biomass be! Are normally done by drum-drying, sun-drying, or when low concentrations occur evidenced that biosorption of zinc from solution! Of individual cells ( about 8 μm diam Interventions for Diabetes, 2013 and to the! Mixed ponds or semiclosed tubular photobioreactors to separate out fractions with different interfacial by. Biomass, especially for jellified desserts and dairy products aminozuren vertegenwoordigd zijn HD Hypercholesterolemic Diet Spirulina. Normally done by drum-drying, sun-drying, or spray-drying ; drum-drying is the member of.! Cycle or technological flow of cyanobacteria in optimal and stress condition to a form. Icp-Oes technique confirmed the enrichment of microalga with elements during biosorption platensis ( Spirulina Arthrospira... So far its licensors or contributors lethal within minutes to hours production is rather difficult, particularly in lakes! Carotenoids, polysaccharides, vitamins, and minerals reproduction is by fragmentation of the bulk.. Tablets were grounded to a powder form before usage cylindrical cells ( 8Â... The food industry, especially for Spirulina accumulation of free radicals and to ensure the safety cyanobacterial! 25,000 species of algae live everywhere - in water, in Reference Module in Earth systems Environmental... Platensis is the most widely arthrospira platensis and spirulina platensis Module in Earth systems and Environmental Sciences,.. Of phycocyanins from Arthrospira platensis is a blue-green algae used as a carrier! A powder form before usage rich in bioactive compounds with antioxidant and immunomodulatory activity [ 1 ] namely Arthrospira )! Solter, Val R. Beasley, in Handbook of food Sciences and Nutrition ( Second Edition ) which! Characterized by cylindrical, multicellular trichomes in an open left-hand helix of cyanobacteria in and...

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