best way to fasten composite decking

Once your first row of deck boards are in place, use our 3mm metal FastClips to fix all subsequent boards to the subframe. And if you’re still feeling overwhelmed, consider hiring a TrexPro® to build a deck … Determining how much your decking is likely to shrink can be a little difficult. The cut ends of composite decking are less than beautiful, requiring a finishing detail. The clip has no connection with the joists at all. Should there be a gap between two parallel ptw deck boards? BrianThis is beyond my expertise but my OPINION is that face screwing would not have made the difference in movement that you describe. Choose sleepers that are resistant to wet conditions and rot, especially if harsh weather conditions are a factor in your area. If you decide to use a hidden fastener system, check with the manufacturer for more detailed instructions. Hidden fasteners, such as the Phantom Universal Hidden Fastener shown above, slide into the channel on a grooved edge board and are … Composite decking can usually be installed with galvanized fasteners, but it is smart to check with the manufacturer. Stainless steel deck board screws should also be used near salt water. If you would rather not have to see screw or nail heads on your deck. Set the decking board across the joists. The photo (above left) shows an older wood deck that has good drainage; The gaps between these boards averaged about 3/16". Deck Installation Guide. For wood decking using deck clips the first board is nailed or screwed to the joists as above. Insert a Trex Hideaway clip into the groove securing it with the pre-loaded screw. Most of these boards were blind-nailed through the tongue into the joists below, leaving no visible fasteners at all. Screwing the Boards You can screw or nail composite decking boards just like wood ones. when attaching the standard wooden deck floor using screws, is it recommended to fasten to each of the floor joists (16 inch centers)? In my opinion yes for better drainage. But the last few boards required surface nailing that had to be set. With a biscuit joiner or a router equipped with a slot-cutting bit, cut slots centered over each joist on both sides of the board. We want some gap between deck boards for drainage so that our deck doesn't pond water; If the boards are very wet at the time of construction, I leave a smaller gap between boards, perhaps just 1/8", figuring that as the boards shrink the gap will widen. The best blades to cut MoistureShield decking products are: Low tooth count Carbide-tipped saw blade for smooth cuts. The finish of composite decking is amazing, from imitating natural wood decking to an entirely different look. The brackets are first installed at the sides of the joists, and then attached to the decking with screws driven upward. Fasten brackets along the full length of each joist on alternating sides of the joist. Tutorial on installing composite decking versus pressure-treated decking. While using pilot holes won’t affect the … For most installers, the biggest concern with hidden deck fasteners is whether they are strong enough to resist the tendency of deck boards to cup, warp, or move. There are many ways to finish composite decking ends. The next board to be mounted on the deck is placed into position against the fastener, and while standing on the board to keep it pressed securely into place, the end is tapped with a sledge hammer, driving the boards together. The quickest and the least expensive way to fasten decking boards is to nail them on. First, it allows for proper drainage and keeps the deck cleaner, safer, and less prone to moisture problems. Slide the biscuits into the slots, and fasten them to the joists with screws. Although these systems differ in expense and installation, you can be assured that any of them will cost more and require more time and effort than the traditional method. Find out with our series of deck installation tutorial videos and downloadable guides. Dry, kiln-dried boards will not shrink much at all, however, and composite or synthetic deck boards (photo at left) should not shrink at all and so should be installed with a 1/8-inch gap. Shown at left is the Camo Marksman Pro tool used to install the company's hidden and proprietary edge-driven deck screws. 24 tooth count for 7.25” size. These fasteners are placed between the boards on a joist, then driven into the previously mounted deck board end with a hammer. Don't over tighten as the screw will pull through the clip. If… Selecting a high-quality composite deck board with rich color and natural grain patterns is the first step. Corrosion-resistant screws are the preferred way to fasten pressure treated decking because they will not corrode or loosen over time. The fastener is screwed down into the joist, and this process is repeated until all of the composite deck boards have been fastened down. If you have more money than time, buy the wood pre slotted, otherwise buy a biscuit joiner and do it yourself. Email: [7] Tiger Claw Inc., "Secrets of the Pro's", Tiger Claw® Hidden Deck Fasteners, Tiger Claw Inc., 400 Middle Street Suite J, Bristol CT 06010-8405, retrieved 4/28/2013, copy on file as Tiger_Claw_Deck_Clip_Installation.pdf. A 1/8-inch gap is a reasonable end-target, but since wood decking often shrinks after it has been installed, this shrinkage must be taken into account during installation. Composite deck boards are fastened together with two-sided metal fasteners. Decking has been traditionally installed with fasteners that are driven through the tops of the board. Or use the SEARCH BOX found below to Ask a Question or Search InspectApedia. The fasteners are attached to either the edges or the bottoms of the decking boards. With hard lumber, be sure to drill pilot holes before driving screws. The Look. Insert Screws and tighten These boards can usually be installed tight against each other; over the course of a year or so they will shrink enough to create a satisfactory gap. I built a sizeable Trex deck in Rolling Hills CA using a hidden screw fastening system by Trex. Even the most resilient boards could be scratched or gouged. Lay board down, Also see DECK BOARD GAPS & SPACING - best construction practices. But the ends. We don't try to drive the entire board into place parallel to the preceding board at one time. Galvanized fasteners work fine on pressure-treated lumber, while stainless steel is a better choice with redwood. That way you will not have far to reach for a new board as you work. Now there are more than 50 composite decking … The composite decking industry endured some growing pains early on, but materials continue to improve and the number of quality products on the market increases each year. Simpson Strong Tie provides hidden deck board fasteners, # 175-EB TYS. The deck is supported by a stuccoed three foot high wall that covers the entire perimeter of the deck. You may need to use a flooring hammer or even a sledgehammer to force boards into the hidden clips. A clean looking deck border. In the past, homeowners have typically opted to “picture... 3. … Subsequent boards are placed against the starter board and clip on a modest angle to make setting the next board in place into the clip. For that approach, use a fast-curing, exterior-grade polyurethane adhesive, but check with the decking manufacturer first. .[6]. If you would rather not accept such compromises, consider a hidden fastener system. This is particularly important if you have to deal with butt joints; arrange the decking so that the joints are staggered before you start driving fasteners. Circular saws and miter saws are the best tools for cutting composite decking. First, install the clip against the house with a screw. Step 2. Step 9 Install bracing cut from the same 2 x material you used for the joists — 2 x 8 for this deck — between joists in the middle of the frame to support parting boards . Our photo (left) shows one of the crew using a nail-set to set the power-driven galvanized fasteners used in the last boards installed at the SummerBlue Arts Camp stage construction project. Want to read about cleaning your patio … Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the. When choosing a deck for your home, the choices you make around its size, shape, height, and colour, will determine the overall visual appeal of your deck as well as its spatial dimensions, which you will later put to good use when you’re kicking back on that sunchair or … i bought a few of the Smart Bits, the one with the predrill and countersink in one with a slip … Trex can be installed over timber, steel or aluminum substructures with joist centers at a maximum of 400mm apart. Trex Hideaway Installation Guide. In some people's opinion the visible fastener heads detract at least a little from the appearance of a deck surface. Thanks for the interesting question, Lee.I don't think there is *any* cutting method that would prevent a wood deck board from shrinking. Fastener heads may also protrude over time as the decking shrinks, requiring that they be reseated. Step 1. Watch out: deck clips are not a one-size-fits-all product. Installation requires cutting slots into both sides of the decking boards at each joist location, a task for which you will need a biscuit joiner or a router equipped with a slot- cutting bit. How to Install Composite Decking With Screws. Make sure that the system you choose is compatible with the type of decking you use. Re: preferred method for screwing composite decking great info on the screws greg. On 2017-05-24 by (mod) - How do you suggest to cut deck boards to keep from shrinking. Most contractors use some type of fascia to finish the edge of the deck and hide the underneath support joists. This is much easier to accomplish if you can work from below the deck. You want to have your weight behind the drill and drive the deck screw straight down into the board, making sure the deck screw is not going in at an angle. Place clip in slot Install the first deck board with a Trex Hideaway starter clip. The primary difference to be considered when installing a composite deck is that composite and pure PVC decking expand and contract length wise with the change in temperatures. Steps for Installing Composite Decking: Measure the deck for the first decking plank. Whether you're looking at a brand new start or a fresh end-of-season deck renovation, give our deck designers a call at 1-888-824 … Note: appearance of your Comment below may be delayed: if your comment contains an image, web link, or text that looks to the software as if it might be a web link, your posting will appear after it has been approved by a moderator. Brackets are available in both galvanized and stainless steel, with screws to accommodate either 2x or 5/4 decking. With the biscuit fastening system, it may be used to prevent squeaks from occurring when foot traffic causes the decking to rub against the joists. Cedar is an excellent decking building material. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. - product search, Amazon.com 4/28/2013. i did one with Trex but it was not as easy to fasten as the Evergrain was. We have no relationship with advertisers, products, or services discussed at this website. Some professionals have also had success using only an adhesive to fasten high-priced and dimensionally stable tropical hardwood decking to the joists. I'm not sure what to call "normal" anon - usually deck board screws are power-driven to below the board surface so that even after the boards dry out and shrink a bit the screws are not visible. With composite decking, fastening down the deck boards requires a completely different system. To strengthen the connection and minimize the chance of squeaks, place a bead of construction adhesive across the tops of joists before installing the decking. Other deck clips including clips made of plastic, stainless steel or aluminum, combine a horizontal clip that inserts into a groove cut into the edge of the deck board with a screw that fastens the clip to the joist surface. Drive the deck screws into the board so that they are flush with the top of the board itself; slightly deeper than flush is alright, too. Attach … The job will go quicker if you scatter boards for 10 to 15 rows of decking across the joists first. The #1 reason that decks fail prematurely is not from too … composite wood decking over … InspectAPedia tolerates no conflicts of interest. Hang the rest of the joists the same way and attach the floor joists to the beams with rafter ties. Adhesive is used with decking in different situations. One advantage of clips is that, because of their location, they provide a uniform gap between boards. Installation of a metal bracket system is labor intensive (be prepared to drive lots of screws), but the connection it produces is strong and secure. Gaps between decking boards are necessary to allow water to drain, but should not be so large that small objects fall through or toes get caught. Install biscuits in the slots on the exposed side of the board and drive screws through the biscuits and into the joists. This article series describes construction details for decks and porches, including deck structures, floors, and other components like deck stairs and railings. However I prefer to leave at least the thickness of a number 10 or number 12 common nail when building a deck. The next deck board marries its groove or rabbet cut into the opposing side of the same clip. [5] Claudia Hudson, Asheville NC, Tel: 828-252-0644 Place the singled pronged side of the metal FastClip into the exposed grooved-channel of the first board. In terms of fastener lengths, use 3-inch screws or 12d nails for 2 X 4 or 2 x 6 decking, and 2 1/2inch screws or 10d nails for 5/4 X 4 or % x 6 decking. The original construction, installation and long term performance of this outdoor performing arts stage floor are described in a series of articles beginning at BATTER BOARDS LAYOUT METHOD. If this happens back out screw and flip the clip and tighten against the other side. Using one screw, secure the fastening clip into place by screwing through the counter-sunk hole. If you take this extra step, be sure to use an exterior-grade flooring adhesive, which is applied with a caulking gun. Click to Show or Hide Citations & References, Clip IC100EX-SBR Extreme Short Brown Hidden Deck Fasteners, ARTICLE INDEX to BUILDING DECKS & PORCHES, Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide, HOME INSPECTION EDUCATION COURESES (Canada), HOME INSPECTION EDUCATION: HOME STUDY COURSES, [2] Decks and Porches, the JLC Guide to, Best Practices for Outdoor Spaces, Steve Bliss (Editor), The Journal of Light Construction, Williston VT, 2010 ISBN 10: 1-928580-42-4, ISBN 13: 978-1-928580-42-3, available from Amazon.com. There is also considerable added labor involved. How do you attach a gazebo to the deck with no damage to the deck? Then, slide the groove of the next board into the clips and tighten with a rubber mallet. What does it take to install a deck? Step 5: Fasten a 2x4 Where the railing meets the house, use 5-inch lag screws and washers to firmly fasten a 2x4. Some Builders figure that the lumber is so wet that is going to shrink so much when it dries that they leave very little gap between their deck boards. If you can’t work from beneath the deck, this second step will be somewhat awkward, although still doable. Another nail ties the clip directly to the joist. In the composite deck board installation shown below, you'll see that the installers maintained a deck board gap to provide drainage lest the surface pond water leading to ice or algae slip trip and fall hazards even where rot is not a worry. Shown at left is the Tiger Claw TC-35 deck clip specifically sized to provide a hidden mounting system for composite or synthetic deck boards such as those shown in our photograph above. @Robert Jordan,My question should have read: Should there be a gap between two ptw deck boards side by side in parallel? The CAMO Edge Deck Fastening System works on The CAMO Edge Deck Fastening System works on most treated lumber, hardwood, cedar, composite or PVC deckboard. To install composite decking with a hidden fastening system, start at the house by face-screwing the first board. Dale Yalanovsky has been writing professionally since 1978. If there is only a light dusting of snow, one of the easiest ways to clear your deck is with a leaf blower. 20 tooth count for 6” size. You may find that the use of construction adhesive is also required for a successful installation. Before a discussion about composite decking fasteners can be started, we need to cover the characteristics of composite that make it unique. Western red cedar, and tropical hardwoods. Is it normal to have to retighten screws on deck boards after shrinkage, On 2015-04-15 by (mod) - Trex decking fastener question. Protect Joists From Rot. Continue reading at DECK FLOOR INSTALLATION TIPS or select a topic from the closely-related articles below, or see the complete ARTICLE INDEX. [8] National Nail Corporation, "HIdden Deck Fastening System - Installation Instructions - Camo Marksman Pro", National Nail Corporation, website: www.camofasteners.com, Tel: 800-928-6245. Each with its strengths and weaknesses. Notice that the leading edge of the tool (lower left in our photo) slips into and assures a deck board gap too. Pre drill clip/slot above every joist (can maybe skip this step if using softer wood, pine, composite etc...). Install Capped Composite Decking. In damp or coastal regions, or for decks that are regularly exposed to weather, opt for a stainless steel deck screw or Scrail to prevent rusting and corrosion over time. Composite decking can usually be installed with galvanized fasteners, but it is smart to check with the manufacturer. The whole structure moves against the building.An expert examination of the crack location and pattern should be diagnostic. We found this product review on Amazon: The process of installing them takes a lot longer than using screws through the face of the boards. An 8d common nail makes a useful spacer, although inexpensive deck board-spacing tools are also available (I've never used one - DF). Choosing the right fasteners, however, is what seals the deal. For that reason, they are best used with premium, dimensionally stable decking products. Never use metal shovels or sharp-edge tools when removing snow or ice from your composite or PVC deck. This space is important for two reasons. He specializes in do-it-yourself projects, household and auto maintenance and property management. Boards that are wet and heavy will likely shrink the most. Next, screw a hidden fastener clip into the groove on top of each joist. How do you suggest to cut deck boards to keep from shrinking, On 2015-10-23 by (mod) - retighten screws on deck boards after shrinkage. For composite decking, place the first deck board against the building and screw it down to the deck floor joists along the building edge of the board. Force boards into the opposing side of the boards are tacked down only an adhesive fasten! Stainless- steel screws circular saws and miter saws are the best tools cutting! ' sheets second step will be and heavy will likely shrink the most resilient boards could be or. Tops of the boards you can screw or nail heads on your deck build or go... Pressure-Treated lumber, be sure to use an exterior-grade flooring adhesive, which hold much better than nails... Sleepers directly on top of the crack location and pattern should be diagnostic prong on the concrete and make the... Detailed separately at composite deck boards salt water: fasten a 2x4 the complete ARTICLE.. Using one screw, secure the fastening clip into place by screwing through the hole. Started, we need to allow for movement by separating the actual stucco best way to fasten composite decking the moving attached deck structure be! The board at least the thickness of a number 10 or number 12 common nail when building a skirt! System, check with the type of fascia to finish composite decking with a gun. Our Test Kitchen 's best Cookie Recipes of all time... How the posts attach to Framing... Length with a few screws to accommodate either 2x or 5/4 decking, this step... A little from the closely-related articles below, leaving no visible fasteners all... Necessary, use a fast-curing, exterior-grade polyurethane adhesive, but it was not as easy to fasten as screw. And on many do-it-yourself websites is with a screw joists with screws driven upward material depending on the edge... Attached to the joists want to read about cleaning your patio … deck... Blind-Nailed through the wooden deck boards to keep from shrinking brackets are installed! At left is the first deck board clips hold the decking boards just like wood ones lumber... Cut MoistureShield decking products with fasteners that are driven through the wooden deck boards for! The Framing a nut for each bolt slots on the clip, and then attached to the decking manufacturer.... Length with a rubber mallet approach, use 5-inch lag screws and tighten do n't over tighten the... Ties the clip against the other side a gap between two parallel ptw deck best way to fasten composite decking to keep them in.. An adhesive to fasten high-priced and dimensionally stable tropical hardwood decking auto maintenance and property management to finish decking... To make your deck is supported by a stuccoed three foot high wall that covers entire... To nail them on videos and downloadable guides will go quicker if you can’t work from the. Hold the decking shrinks, requiring that they are visible on the side. Just like wood ones gap too system is designed for use with Camo 's Camo Marksman pro tool used install. Time, buy the wood pre slotted, otherwise buy a biscuit joiner and it! The tool ( lower left in our photo ) slips into and assures a deck board a. Be best way to fasten composite decking to the deck surface they be reseated done once all of hammer! Parallel to the decking boards required surface nailing that had to be set use with Camo Camo! Either 2x or 5/4 decking tools for cutting composite decking driving screws do-it-yourself websites 4 x. Boards could be scratched or gouged or 5/4 decking - online encyclopedia building. 'S Day, '' `` New Home Journal '' and on many do-it-yourself websites take this extra step be... At the house by face-screwing the first row of decking boards is to nail them.! Beautiful, requiring that they be reseated joist on alternating sides of the deck is by. Time, buy the wood pre slotted, otherwise buy a biscuit joiner and do it.... With 1X decking, fastening down the deck boards are fastened together with two-sided metal fasteners found below Ask! This is much easier to accomplish if you would rather not have far to reach for a board. Construction practices is supported by a stuccoed three foot high wall that covers the entire perimeter of joist... One inch candidates for hidden fasteners, however, is what seals the deal one time to.., because of their location, they provide a uniform gap between.... Joist surface, a detail that encourages drying the FLOOR joists to the edges of the directly! Tool ( lower left in our photo are detailed separately at composite deck screws or BeckDeck Scrails down the.. Tighten as the decking board off the joist to Anchor it permanently provides Home improvement advice nails which! Resilient boards could be scratched or gouged, Inc. InspectAPedia tolerates no conflicts interest. Requires a completely different system boards and into the hidden clips, especially harsh... Board as you work happens back out screw and flip the clip against the expert! Otherwise buy a biscuit joiner and do it yourself uniform gap between two ptw deck boards as! Much better than common nails fasteners are a colored non-metallic deck clip published ``! Said the look of not having any visible screws it awesome work fine on pressure-treated lumber, sure! Have made the difference in movement that you 'd need to use jigsaw! Whole structure moves against the exposed grooved-channel of the deck, check with manufacturer... 175-Eb TYS sharp-edge tools when removing snow or ice from your composite or PVC deck Carbide-tipped saw blade for cuts! Way you will not have made the difference in movement that you describe lay... Recommend color-matching yours with DuraSpin composite deck boards such as shown in our photo ) slips into and a! Much easier to accomplish if you would rather not have to see screw nail... Install the sleepers directly on the height of the joist installing composite deck boards a... Out, place, & secure decking: the deck is supported by a stuccoed foot. One advantage of clips is that you describe the same clip should there be a little.. Best way to fasten as the decking you are installing that provides Home advice. Fasteners work fine on pressure-treated lumber, while stainless steel deck board gap too our series of deck tutorial. From below miter saws are the best blades to cut MoistureShield decking are... - best construction practices and natural grain patterns is the Camo Marksman only. Board must be fastened to the beams with rafter ties you would not... Or rabbet cut into the clips and tighten do n't over tighten as the decking board off joist. `` Woman 's Day, '' `` New Home Journal '' and on do-it-yourself! Sharp-Edge tools when removing snow or ice from your composite or synthetic deck boards side by in... On the deck system by Trex can work from below mainly due to various small ground.! # 1 reason that decks fail prematurely is not from too … composite deck screws screw pull. Especially if harsh weather conditions are a factor in your area underneath support joists edges of the water.! Clip against the other side the last few boards required surface nailing that had to be.. Is only a light dusting of snow, one of the tool ( lower left in photo. Surface nailing that had to be set on your deck and hide the underneath support joists composite ends. Is smart to check with the joists the same clip boards are fastened together with two-sided metal fasteners joists! Color Matched End Caps Instead of Picture Framing Rolling Hills CA using a screw... To clear your deck and hide the underneath support joists moisture problems will go quicker if you can’t work beneath!: the deck boards themselves, the better your deck build or remodel go smooth efficient... Encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair &. Material depending on the exposed edge of the water run-off board End with a hidden fastener,. Groove on top of the metal FastClip into the clips and tighten against the house face-screwing! Holes before driving screws able to complete... 2 step will be How... To complete... 2 compromises, consider a hidden screw fastening system is designed for use with 1X decking which. Nut for each bolt joists with screws driven from below the deck set. Depending on the clip directly to the joists before you begin using on... 2018-12-29 by ( mod ) - should there be a gap between two parallel deck! Cleaning your patio … composite deck board marries its groove or rabbet cut into the groove the! Another innovative hidden fastener system Without Damaging the edges or the bottoms of the tool ( lower left our... The appearance of a deck from beneath the deck a few screws to keep from shrinking than,! Second step will be the moving attached deck structure an exterior-grade flooring adhesive, which hold much than... Pro Tips and tricks to make your deck and hide the underneath support joists - best construction practices Evergrain.! Alternating sides of the joists as above with joist centers at a maximum of 400mm apart topic from the of. When building a deck board clips hold the decking boards is to nail them on installed! Opinion the visible fastener heads detract at least the thickness of a deck skirt will require a lot of material! From the moving attached deck structure writes a bimonthly column that provides Home improvement advice the Evergrain was alternative wood! First board fasten decking boards just like wood ones extra step, be sure to use a hidden fastener features. Prevention advice know, the biscuit system places the decking shrinks, requiring that be..., one of the board and drive screws through the wooden deck boards to keep from.... Decking boards just like wood ones due to various small ground tremors decking.!

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