Subtle but radiant fall leaves follow in autumn to accompany the sweet chestnuts. American chestnut trees are more upright, while the Chinese chestnut is wider and more spreading. If you live in a cold climate, don’t plant the tree in a frost pocket since this can damage the buds in springtime and reduce the crop. The Chinese chestnut grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. The tree seeds were acquired from the Pennsylvania chapter of The American Chestnut Foundation located at the main campus of The Pennsylvania State University. Many gardeners growing Chinese chestnuts do so for the nutritious, low-fat nuts, but the tree itself is attractive enough to be an ornamental. This non-native species produces spikes of creamy white flowers in summer. But this is more than a nut tree. Chinese Chestnut Tree (Castanea mollissima) Chinese chestnut trees are native to China, Korea, â¦ It grows close to sea level in the north of its range, and at altitudes of up to 2,800 m in the south of the range. The Chinese chestnut tree is a spreading, medium-sized tree with glossy dark leaves bearing large crops of nutritious nuts. This tree is native to northern China and Korea. They prefer to grow in moderately acid soil just like American Chestnut trees, but they only grow to be between 40 and 60 feet tall. The tree produces delicious and edible nuts called chestnuts or Chinese chestnuts. Yields a ripened nut crop mid/late September through October. 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American Chestnuts: Chestnut trees are of moderate growth rate (for the Chinese chestnut tree) to fast-growing for American and European species. in diameter. Naturally an understory tree , Chinese chestnut has been cultivated in East Asia for millennia and its exact original range cannot be determined. It was introduced in 1853 and 1903. It makes a beautiful ornamental shade tree on a lawn, in a larger garden, or as part of a woodland area, placed among existing native or exotic trees. American chestnuts (Castanea dentata) once grew in vast forests across the eastern half of the country, but they were virtually wiped out by a disease called chestnut blight several decades ago. Wildlife: Deer, turkey, squirrels and many other wildlife enjoy eating chinese chestnuts. You can use chestnuts in poultry stuffing, toss them into soups, or eat them in salads. The leaves of American chestnuts are narrower and the nuts slightly smaller than Chinese chestnuts. Chestnut Trees The mighty Chestnut tree grows from 50 to 100 feet tall and can average up to 5 feet in diameter when fully mature. Chinese chestnut trees in Michigan orchards are primarily represented by non-grafted seedling trees. Chinese Chestnut is a recommended replacement for the American Chestnut. American chestnut-brown in color and hairless. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to â¦ Their mature heights vary from the smallest species of chinkapins, often shrubby, to the giant of past American forests, C. dentata that could reach 60 m. A full answer includes both the tree of that name and the nut of that tree. And sometimes as many as three shiny, dark brown nuts, strongly ridged and furrowed bark, so much! Tree ) to fast-growing for American and European species and partners support our to. By non-grafted seedling trees ' ) when planted 8 ' apart pollinated by nearby! 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