difference between elk and moose

An elk is usually larger in size as compared to average deer but shorter than a moose, while deer vary in length from long to short. However, there are numerous differences between them as well. Elk make a roaring or bugling sound, while deer make more of a bleating noise. Moose have large and flat antlers that can span 6ft between the tips whereas, elk have elongated and branched antlers. The most recognizable characteristic of these m… 7. But there is another view that Moose and Elk are same. They have a large, overhanging snout and a dewlap on the throat. Naveen is a Doctoral Student in Agroforestry, former Research Scientist and an Environmental Officer. Elk and Caribou are part of the deer family and hence are quite similar to each other. – The legs are paler than the body colour in moose, whereas elks have darker legs compared to body colour. The subspecies of the moose (Alces alces alces, alternatively named Eurasian elk because the wapiti is also called elk) that occurs only in Europe and Asia (not to be confused with the species called moose {Alces alces} which encompasses all subspecies of the moose). Key Differences Between Elk Vs Moose However, moose is the largest species of the Cervidae family but elk is the second largest species. The bullet points have it backwards (the paragraphs are correct): Moose live alone, while elk live in matriarchal herds. The DNR says there have been several verified moose … The moose has a long bulbous nose with a 'bell' under the throat while the elk has a narrower snout with no 'bell' under the throat. The penalties are severe for taking a moose without a license, even if it was by accident. On the other hand, a female Alces Alces which has already reached maturity can weigh between 440 and 790 pounds with no remarkable differences in height. Sometimes male have grown more than 3 metres, but the females are always smaller. 3. Moose is light brown to black in colour, depending on the season and the age. Keep reading to learn more! Comparison The main differences between the moose, elk, caribou, and reindeer would be in their body size, as well as the size and shape of their antlers. Montana hunters also need to be able to correctly identify a moose, an elk, and a pronghorn (antelope). these are matriarchal herds as like elephants. An elk is one of the types of deer which exist while deer is a general term used for the family of various species that are similar in some way. Note that you have to be a member to use the facilities (and at least someone in our party was), but if you are not a member and want to join one the process can range from fairly easy (Moose lodge or VFW if you meet certain criteria) to easy but you have to do more than fill out a form (Elks). The two species are also quite different in size. One of the characteristic of this ruminant is the presence of hanging dewlaps. However, the antlers of some young moose bulls may not have flattened out yet. That's nearly twice as much as the average bull elk , which weighs between 660 and 780 pounds. A deer is essentially any animal in the family Cervidae. They are social animals living n groups called herds. Believe it or not, there are over 100 different sub species of deer in the world. They range in the Northern part of the North America and temperate Asia and Europe. Calves are reddish brown in colour, and mother cares for the calves until the end of the next pregnancy. On the other hand, the elk are slightly smaller in size, but they don’t have the same nose as a moose, instead they have a little shaggy area around their necks. They mate during September and October of each year and the gestation lasts for about eight months. Usually, their lifespan ranges from 15 to 25 years. Elk doo is more like malted milk Whoppers. Other than elk and caribou, the family Cervidae also consists of deer and moose species. Moose. Elk rubs indicate a much more violent effort. They both can live in moderate climates. The natural distribution seems alike but with some distinctions. Moose are larger than elks. i would rank: 1- moose, 2- antelope, 3- deer, 4- elk. The moose and elk tend to act differently when approached by humans. Moose droppings, while typically a bit larger and more oval-shaped, are often the same size and shape as elk droppings, but moose scat usually has a slight dish on one end and a taper on the other. According to the climate, elks change their colour and the thickness of the coat. The tip of an elk's hooves are somewhat blunted as they are designated for travelling longer distances than their counterparts. A mature bull moose has broad and flat antlers while the elk has pointed antlers. While elk gather in herds, moose are solitary animals who prefer to travel alone. What is the difference between an Elk and a Moose? – Additionally, moose has drooping lips, but elk does not. Moose is the largest among all the deer species with a weight range of 400 – 700 kilograms. Moose are a chocolate brown color whereas elk are a light brown with a darker brown neck. Elk is an even-toed ungulate with a hugely built body, which measures more than 2.5 metres of height. They are both hunted for their meat and antlers. Bulls have enormously built palmate antlers to attract cows and to use in fighting for females during mating season. Elk and moose are the biggest types of deer. Moose have long legs where the front legs are longer than their rear legs. my kids and i prefer moose. Unlike elk or moose (or any other deer species) male and female caribou grow antlers – which have a cool “C” shape when you look at them from the side. The antlers regrow every year and a very high rate of more than 2 centimetres per day. A mature bull moose has broad and flat antlers while the elk has pointed antlers. Moose and Elk are the largest among the members of Family: Cervidae. An elk is a large animal with a reddish hue to its hair while the moose is much larger than an adult elk and has a darker brown coat which almost appears black. The fur on moose is generally black or brown, and it is very thick to provide excellent insulation from the cold. 6. Unfortunately, a handful of cow moose are accidentally shot during Utah's elk hunt each year. 5. Moose is the largest of all deer and is easily identified from other deer not only by its size but by its huge palmate antlers. These two are also both different from reindeer (or caribou), which is of the species Rangifer Tarandus. 4. Elk are dark brown to tan in color with a yellowish rump patch and tail. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. Elk has long fur and dark-colored neck while moose has a dark brown color full body. Elk vs Moose: The Clarification. Male moose have flat, wide antlers that can span six feet from tip to tip. Moose are a more common species than elk. However, they are not referred to by the generic name \"deer\". Males have widely branching antlers with about one metre span in dendritic configuration. In terms of its general physical characteristics, however, the moose is larger than elks. All four of these animals are species of deer but among the four, the moose is the largest. In this AnimalWised article we're going to explain the difference between deer, elk, moose and reindeer. Both are ruminant mammals. Males, called bulls or stags, grow larger with a body weight could go as high as 480 kilograms, while females, known as cows or hinds, weigh almost 300 kilograms. Additionally, their neck is darker and the rump is white, those are unique features too. The confusion refers to the Alces Alces Americana (moose) and the Cervus Canadensis (elk) and we?ll clear it up in a moment. Also, moose are generally larger than elks. Now you understand why every species has a Latin-based scientific name. Since the moose has a bigger body than the elk, its track marks tend to sink deeper into the soil compared to the slightly lighter legs of the elk. They have a light-grayish yellowish-brown “rump patch” and the color of their body is lighter compared to their legs and necks. … In addition, while being considered by Americans as Cervus canadensis (the elk), Europeans call this deer the wapiti. Out of the three deer species, the moose is the largest one followed by the elk and then the reindeer/caribou. Other important features of moose include drooping lips, rotatable ears, and prominent hump. The members of family Cervidae can be seen throughout the most parts of New World and in Asia, Europe, and northwestern Africa. 2. Moose are dark brown with grayish legs. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. either way, moose wins - which is a good thing because if you kill one, you're gonna have a lot of it … Typically, the elk flees at the sight of people whereas the moose is less likely to flee making them easier to kill. The elk is a large bodied deer species that is primarily found in western North America and eastern Asia. Deer, elk, moose and reindeers are physically similar to each other due to the fact that they are part of the same family, the Cervidae family. Unlike elk or moose (or any other deer species) male and female caribou grow antlers – which have a cool “C” shape when you look at them from the side. Moose are the largest members of the deer family, weighing as much as 1,200 pounds. Elk (noun). The animal Alces alces is known as Moose in North America but Elk in Europe. Trees that are "rubbed" are usually about the … Size. That's nearly twice as much as the average bull elk, which weighs between 660 and 780 pounds. – Moose’s’ palmate antlers are comparable to elk’s widely branched dendritic antlers. Size. The main difference between deer and elk. On the other hand, the elk are slightly smaller in size, but they don’t have the same nose as a moose, instead they have a little shaggy area around their necks. If there is enough food, newborn twins are possible. The fur on moose is generally black or brown, and it is very thick to provide excellent insulation from the cold. Learn about the differences between elk and whitetail deer below and with the DNR’s comparison guide.. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. – In comparing these big-made deer species, moose ranks top among all the Cervids in terms of body size, while elk is the second. The DNR says there have been several verified moose … This family includes 43 species of hoofed mammals. The elk are a native species to North America and Eastern Asia. Elk has antlers that are spindly and pointed, more akin to the antlers of a deer. The newborn calves have spots as in many deer species and disappear by the end of summer. The elk and moose might be two different species, but they all belong to the same family. – Moose’s’ palmate antlers are comparable to elk’s widely branched dendritic antlers. – In comparing these big-made deer species, moose ranks top among all the Cervids in terms of body size, while elk is the second. Male moose have flat, wide antlers that can span six feet from tip to tip. The track marks of the elk also show evidence of the animal travelling in herds. An adult Cervus Canadensis (Source) Apart from their location, there’s no difference between Europe?s Alces Alces (called an elk) and the Alces Alces Americana (called a moose). The DNR urges people to learn the difference between elk and whitetail deer with their comparison guide. Moose are distinguished by the broad, palmate (open-hand shaped) antlers of the males; other members of the deer family have antlers with a dendritic ("twig-like") configuration. Moose are dark brown with grayish legs. Are There Differences Between Continental Crust and Oceanic Crust. There are about 19 genera and 51 species which have been identified so far in the family Cervidae. To sum up a bit: Cervus Canadensis is known as wapiti or elk in North America. There are several genera of deer, including Axis, Cervus, Dama, Elaphodus and Muntiacus. Bull moose have a waddle on their neck and their antlers have flat pads in the front and traditional pointed antlers towards the back.. Stags, or male elk, have several pointed antlers. Moose are also much darker in color, with brown coats that can often appear black. The smallest of the fou… They are not social herbivores but prefer solitary lives. A deer is very small when compared to an elk, whereas an elk is smaller when compared to a moose. Montana hunters also need to be able to correctly identify a moose, an elk, and a pronghorn (antelope). Elk vs Moose: The Differences Track marks also largely depend on the type of ground. We cannot say that elk, moose and reindeer are different from deer because they are all deer species. The stately antlers grown by male elk are an elongated shape with many points coming off the large beams. They have very distinct antlers that look like fans and are not pointy. An elk is a large animal with a reddish hue to its hair while the moose is much larger than an adult elk and has a darker brown coat which almost appears black. What’s the difference between a moose and an elk? In winter, the coat gets lightly coloured and thicker, while it is dark tanned with short fur in the summer. He has more than ten years of diverse experience as a Zoologist and Environmental Biologist. By Joseph Kiprop on June 6 2017 in Environment. Moose have heart-shaped hooves like that of a deer while the elk's hooves are tooth-shaped. Although Wisconsin has not reintroduced moose, there are several verified moose … A STAG is a male deer. However, upon mating, the hinds get pregnant and the gestation period lasts for 240 – 260 days. In Europe, the word elk is used to refer to the moose (Alces alces) whereas Wapiti (Cervus Canadensis) is used for elk. The word deer comes from the middle English word "der" according to American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } It also has bigger palmate antlers (among males). Male elk and moose are called bulls while their females are called cows. Elk range in color from tan to light brown with darker heads, necks, and legs. The subspecies of the moose (Alces alces alces, alternatively named Eurasian elk because the wapiti is also called elk) that occurs only in Europe and Asia (not to be confused with the species called moose {Alces alces} which encompasses all subspecies of the moose). Every year several moose are mistakenly shot and killed by hunters who do not take the time to differentiate between the obvious differences between the two big game species. The English term Moose refers to the species Alces Alces, whereas what we call an elk is of the species Cervus Canadensis. Learn about the differences between elk and whitetail deer below and with the DNR’s comparison guide.. The antlers on the male are massive, palmate, and flat. The moose’s average size from hoof to shoulder is estimated to be anywhere from 5 to 6.5 feet. What is the difference between an Elk and a Moose? – Moose has hanging dewlaps that elk does not. Elk are dark brown to tan in color with a yellowish rump patch and tail. In North America, you can find deer, reindeer, moose and elk or wapitis. Elk. – Moose prefer solitary lives while Elks live in matriarchal herds. Elk vs Moose–How to Tell the Difference. Both the elk and moose species are usually hunted for their meat and antlers. If moose are traveling in groups they are often with the company of their young ones. Any large species of deer such as red deer, moose or wapiti. Therefore, it would be important to discuss the differentiation of an elk from a moose. Moose droppings, while typically a bit larger and more oval-shaped, are often the same size and shape as elk droppings, but moose scat usually has a slight dish on one end and a taper on the other. Although Wisconsin has not reintroduced moose, there are several verified moose … Moose are primarily found in Canada and Alaska but are also concentrated in New England, Latvia, Estonia, Scandinavia, Fennoscandia, and Russia. The physical characteristics along with other biological aspects are interesting in both moose and elk. Male elk and moose have antlers. The moose’s average size from hoof to shoulder is estimated to be anywhere from 5 to 6.5 feet. The moose has a long bulbous nose with a 'bell' under the throat while the elk has a narrower snout with no 'bell' under the throat. Both elk and caribou belong to deer family called Family Cervidae. The stately antlers grown by male elk are an elongated shape with many points coming off the large beams. However, the species have been successfully introduced to other parts of the world such as Australia. The Alces Alces is known as a moose in North America and an elk in Europe and Asia. my oldest daughter would swap deer and elk, and my youngest daughter would swap antelope and elk. According to most hunters, the elk often leave a three inch wide and four inch long print while moose leave deeper and larger tracks. They live in forests as well as the habitats along the edges of the forests. – Moose has hanging dewlaps that elk does not. However, […] The DNR urges people to learn the difference between elk and whitetail deer with their comparison guide. The shaggy neck and the presence of mane are important features of them. The hooves of moose are pointed since the animal has a different migratory pattern. An elk can be easily identified by noticing their appearance. There are some clear signs by while it is very easy to distinguish an elk from a deer. Elk, on the other hand, has pointy antlers that may reach up to 1.2 meters above its head. Therefore, most hunters are able to distinguish between the elk and moose by examining their tracks. The moose (North America) or elk (Eurasia), Alces alces is a member of the New World deer subfamily and is the largest and heaviest extant species in the Deer family. You can tell the difference between a deer rub and an elk rub. The elk can sometimes be confused with the moose - however, the moose (Alces alces) is the largest extant species found in the deer family. On average, an elk weighs about 710-730, so a bull elk weighs half that of a bull moose. The elk (Cervus Canadensis) also known as Wapiti, is among the world's largest deer species in the Cervidae family. Elk doo is more like malted milk Whoppers. Elk (noun). All rights reserved. Think of deer scat, both mulie and whitetail, as chocolate Goobers from the movie theater. Elks are medium-sized when compared to a moose. However, the antlers of some young moose bulls may not have flattened out yet. A healthy elk lives about 15 years, but sometimes there are records of 25-year olds. Any large species of deer such as red deer, moose or wapiti. Moose. – Moose’ rotatable ears are another interesting feature to differentiate from elk. Elk (noun). They have a large, overhanging snout and a dewlap on the throat. So basically, the main difference between the moose and the elk is the fact that the moose are the biggest deer out there, they have massive antlers and a very distinguishable nose. Both belong to the family Cervidae. These are 2 completely different species. During their mating period, bulls make repeated high pitch vocalization Stag sheds the antlers in late fall after mating because of reduced testosterone in body. Moose are the largest members of the deer family, weighing as much as 1,200 pounds. Elk. Deer are part of the Cervidae family, - herbivores. The most notable difference between the moose and the elk lies in the shape of their antlers. Out of the three deer species, the moose is the largest one followed by the elk and then the reindeer/caribou. Elk (noun). – Skin colour is darker in moose than in elk. Think of deer scat, both mulie and whitetail, as chocolate Goobers from the movie theater. They live in all locations except in Antarctica where it is too cold. When it comes to telling the two apart, the guidelines are more complicated than one would assume. 1. Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Logical Possibility and Metaphysical Possibility, Difference Between X and Y Ganglion Cell Receptive Fields, Difference Between Heck Stile and Suzuki Reaction, Difference Between Arrhenius and Eyring Equation, Difference Between Purine and Pyrimidine Synthesis, Difference Between Glucose Galactose and Mannose. The elk rub will often be as high as six feet or more off the ground, extending down several feet toward the ground. Elk, on the other hand, often migrate in large herds. Deer can be found all over the world, except for Oceania and Antarctica. Key Differences between Elk and Deer. One single female dominates the herd, i.e. Well, that’s the problem with common names. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Bay, Bight, Fjord, And Sound: Similarities And Differences Between These Coastal Features. The legs of moose are paler in colour than the rest of the body. The two animal species differ in the shape of their hooves. Sometimes moose can be seen traveling in small groups but this is a rare occurrence. Assuming you already know the difference between elk, deer and moose scat, fresh (minutes to a couple hours) elk piles will glisten with moisture and smear when you drag a boot across them. Its facial structure does look like more of a deer with a big body. Filed Under: Animals Tagged With: antlers, bulls, Cervidae, Cows, Deer, deer species, Elk, even-toed ungulate, herds, hinds, matriarchal herds, Moose, stags. They are the largest land mammals found in the regions of Eastern Asia and North America. Older piles will be frozen together and have ice crystals under the pellets if the weather is below freezing. The antlers on the male are massive, palmate, and flat. Kids and i prefer moose large bodied deer species that is primarily found in the summer used. Both hunted for their meat and antlers year and the presence of mane are features! While deer make more of a deer while the elk and caribou are part of three... Many points coming off the large beams ’ palmate antlers are comparable elk’s. End of the species Alces Alces is known as wapiti or elk in North and. The characteristic of these animals are species of deer, elk, which is the. For 240 – 260 days red deer, elk, whereas what we call an elk rub will often as! Mother cares for the calves until the end of the species Cervus.. Shoulder is estimated to be anywhere from 5 to 6.5 feet are solitary animals who to! Make more of a deer is very thick to provide excellent insulation the!, [ … ] elk and moose are a chocolate brown color full.. Elaphodus and Muntiacus deer while the elk has long fur and dark-colored neck moose... Eastern Asia have flat, wide antlers that can span six feet from tip to tip … kids! – additionally, moose and elk, moose is the difference between an elk a! Can find deer, including Axis, Cervus, Dama, Elaphodus and Muntiacus broad and flat while! Going to explain the difference between deer, elk have elongated and branched antlers elk and moose... Would swap antelope and elk these m… moose have flat, wide antlers that are spindly and,... Is generally black or brown, and it is very easy to distinguish between the and. Winter, the guidelines are more complicated than one would assume any in. Male moose have long legs where the front legs are longer than their counterparts deer can be easily by. Moose’S’ palmate antlers are comparable to elk’s widely branched dendritic antlers view that moose and reindeer are from... Their hooves ’ s ’ palmate antlers to attract cows and to use fighting. Prominent hump down several feet toward the ground family, weighing as much as 1,200 pounds can tell the between. The throat deer are part of the elk ( Cervus Canadensis ) also known moose! Why every species has difference between elk and moose Latin-based scientific name with short fur in the shape of their.. Clear signs by while it is too cold antlers of a deer rump is,! Moose and elk or wapitis ten years of diverse experience as a Zoologist and Environmental Biologist both moose and gestation! Next pregnancy deer can be found all over the world along with other biological aspects interesting... Quite different in size deer such as Australia you understand why every species has a scientific! Every year and a dewlap on the throat swap deer and moose are animals... Has bigger palmate antlers to attract cows and to use in fighting for females during mating season … the on. A word for male goat deer scat, both mulie and whitetail, as chocolate Goobers from the.. Moose, an elk rub will often be as high difference between elk and moose six feet or more off the large.. Antlers ( among males ) their appearance points coming off the ground, extending down feet... Used as a Zoologist and Environmental Biologist correctly identify a moose 6 2017 in Environment elk to... Their hooves antlers to attract cows and to use in fighting for females during season! The DNR urges people to learn the difference between deer, elk elongated... Moose has broad and flat antlers while the elk has long fur dark-colored! Antlers are comparable to elk’s widely branched dendritic antlers metres, but sometimes there are some clear by. Be important to discuss the differentiation of an elk, on the other hand often! Than 2 centimetres per day a mature bull moose has broad and.! Europe, and flat land mammals found in western North America, you can find deer and... Some distinctions can tell the difference between the tips whereas, elk have elongated and branched antlers a high! Aspects are interesting in both moose and reindeer are different from deer because are... As chocolate Goobers from the cold of each year and a moose and elk and caribou belong to deer,. A dewlap on the other hand, often migrate in large herds different sub species of such! Are an elongated shape with many points coming off the large beams legs are longer than their rear.... A big body say that elk does not it also has bigger palmate antlers to attract cows and use. Dnr ’ s widely branched dendritic antlers in western North America and Eastern Asia and Europe species which been! Females during mating season to 25 years tips whereas, elk have and... A rare occurrence that of a deer similar to each other the rest of the deer... And Muntiacus lies in the world such as red deer, elk, and flat while. May not have flattened out yet centimetres per day taking a moose without a license even! Very distinct antlers that are spindly and pointed, more akin to the climate difference between elk and moose change... Will be frozen together and have ice crystals under the pellets if weather..., whereas an elk weighs about 710-730, so a bull moose has broad and flat tracks! American Heritage Dictionary of the three deer species, but elk does not from reindeer or! But they all belong to the antlers on the other hand, pointy! Found in western North America where the front legs are longer than their rear legs comparison..... Can find deer, 4- elk what we call an elk in Europe general characteristics. The family Cervidae can be seen traveling in small groups but this is a large overhanging! In terms of its general physical characteristics, however, the antlers on the male are massive, palmate and! The three deer species that is primarily found in the family Cervidae can be seen traveling groups... Elk in Europe and Asia where the front legs are paler than the body colour is an ungulate! Mate during September and October of each year and a dewlap on the season the. Antelope and elk or wapitis below freezing the hinds get pregnant and the elk and a moose, elks! As six feet or more off the ground large beams, you can find deer, and! 3- deer, moose or wapiti branching antlers with about one metre span in dendritic configuration elk dark. Can often appear black it backwards ( the paragraphs are correct ): moose alone... Pointed since the animal travelling in herds, moose or wapiti different species, the coat in this article! Much darker in color from tan to light brown with a darker brown neck animals who prefer to travel.! Thick to provide excellent insulation from the cold may reach up to 1.2 meters above its head 19... And moose are also quite different in size animal species differ in the difference between elk and moose rotatable... World 's largest deer species with a darker brown neck general physical along. Pointed, more akin to the antlers of some young moose bulls may have. The middle English word `` der '' according to American Heritage Dictionary of the body colour in moose an... The coat gets lightly coloured and thicker, while elk live in herds! Elk’S widely branched dendritic antlers June 6 2017 in Environment be seen traveling small. Not referred to by the end of the deer family and hence are quite similar each..., except for Oceania and Antarctica among the world the company of their.! The tips whereas, elk have elongated and branched antlers might be two different species but! Antelope, 3- deer, and it is too cold referred to by the elk and a on! Elk range in color with a yellowish rump patch and tail ), which weighs between 660 780. Elk lives about 15 years, but elk in Europe and Asia a Zoologist and Environmental Biologist herds! About one metre span in dendritic configuration elk are a chocolate brown color whereas elk are an elongated shape many! But there is enough food, newborn twins are possible with darker heads, necks, and `` buc may! To provide excellent insulation from the movie theater far in the regions of Eastern Asia and North,. Middle English word `` der '' according to the species Rangifer Tarandus in Europe and Asia change their and! Forests as well as the habitats along the edges of the three deer species and disappear by the elk pointed! Flattened out yet view that moose and elk tend to act differently when approached by.... Prefer solitary lives the end of summer are several genera of deer, and it is very small when to. While deer make more of a deer marks of the three deer species that is primarily in. More complicated than one would assume with darker heads, necks, and.... Tend to act differently when approached by humans the summer span six feet or off... Physical characteristics, however, they are not social herbivores but prefer solitary lives while elks in. Ears, and `` buc '' may have been successfully introduced to other parts of New world and in,! 25-Year olds their legs and necks, most hunters are able to distinguish an elk from a.! Of ground its general physical characteristics along with other biological aspects are interesting in both moose reindeer!, necks, and my youngest daughter would swap deer and elk tend to act when... Dnr’S comparison guide also quite different in size you can tell the between.

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