enlightenment now summary

[8], In January 2018 Bill Gates tweeted praise for Enlightenment Now, calling it "my new favorite book". Not only our time but our money has been liberated: spending on necessities in the US is down from over 60% of disposable income in 1929 to about a third in 2016. Buy Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress by Pinker, Steven (ISBN: 9780525427575) from Amazon's Book Store. Now it was time to get rid of this cruel situation, so the four basic streams of Enlightenment started to spread: humanism, logic, science, and development. Even natural disasters kill fewer people than they used to, as better technology and practices make us safer from everything from earthquakes to lightning strikes. Knowledge: Around the world, children are going to school longer, and literacy is on the rise. “If triangles had a god they would give him three sides.” -Montesquieu Przeczytaj recenzję Enlightenment Now. He credits these declines to causes including the advancement of reason and education, the spread of global commerce, and international forums such as the UN. Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress, « Primitive thought [7] The Guardian and The Financial Times dismissed Pinker's contention that the left is partly to blame for anti-reason rhetoric and objected to Pinker's criticism of groups such as postmodernists, de-growth environmentalists, and people whom Pinker deems to be "social justice warriors". In all, the portion of the world living in “extreme poverty” (using the definition of $1.90/day in 2011 international dollars) has fallen from almost 90% in 1820 to 10% today. He argues further against the “faitheists” who don’t believe in God but want to accommodate religion as a source of morality or because of a supposed psychological need for mystical belief. CC BY-ND 4.0. Workplaces are safer. No, Pinker argues, people are devoting their disposable time, money and energy to meaningful values, such as connecting with loved ones, seeing the world, increasing their knowledge, and creative self-expression. But Pinker largely ignores issues of individualism vs. collectivism, and egoism vs. altruism, that I see as core to the ideological struggles of the modern world. Posts • Thus, the bulk of the book is devoted to an empirical analysis of human progress along several dimensions—practical, intellectual and moral—including: Life: Life expectancy is up, from a world average of less than 30 years in the mid-18th century to over 70 years today; and the increases are seen by all age groups and all continents. This is the ideology he sees behind the rise of Trump. Publishers Weekly gave the book a glowing review, concluding that "In an era of increasingly 'dystopian rhetoric,' Pinker’s sober, lucid, and meticulously researched vision of human progress is heartening and important." The Times also gave the book a positive review, stating that Pinker's arguments and evidence are "as entertaining as they are important", and expressing hope that Pinker's defense of the forces that have produced progress will be successful. Ecomodernism focuses on the benefits that technology provides for humanity, and seeks to use technology itself to reduce environmental harm, while recognizing that some level of pollution is necessary and acceptable. "[13] The Economist agreed with Pinker that "barring a cataclysmic asteroid strike or nuclear war, it is likely that (the world) will continue to get better".[14]. "[21], In the Los Angeles Review of Books, Stanford University historian Jessica Riskin summarizes the book as "a knot of Orwellian contradictions". Child mortality and maternal mortality in particular have been drastically reduced: “for an American woman, being pregnant a century ago was almost as dangerous as having breast cancer today.”. Four themes tie them together: reason, science, humanism, and progress. After suffering setbacks from socialist regimes in the mid-20th century, it is rebounding, with the defeat of Nazism followed by the fall of Communism. However, the Easterlin paradox was proposed in 1973. And violent crime has been reduced as well. It is a follow-up to Pinker's 2011 book, The Better Angels of Our Nature. But these ideals are not consistently upheld, and are often under attack. Having thus made the case for progress, Pinker returns to the ideas that provided its foundation, which he identifies as key themes of the Enlightenment, and calls for these ideas to be strengthened and defended against counter-Enlightenment movements in the culture. Overall he calls for better education and training on critical reasoning and cognitive debiasing, a more empirical approach to prediction, and the depoliticization of issues as much as possible. 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