However, it may be a tad more susceptible to temperature changes and effects, so be aware that it isn’t really the best choice for furniture that you plan to use outdoors. Some types of harder pine can make beautiful trim, include lovely crown molding. If there is a species you would like to see listed that isn’t in the list below, just post a comment and be sure to list the wood species name and Janka hardness number along with it (and country of origin, if possible.). Ive recently used acacia wood to make a beautiful bass. You can find poplar in many furniture projects, toys, and wood turnings because it is inexpensive, fairly easy to work, and takes nails, screws, and glue well.It works best with paint as a finish, but it can be successfully used to simulate finer woods, provided the proper steps are taken in the finishing process. Wenge is there, but Black Limba and White Limba (Korina) are VERY common tonewoods that I didn’t see on here. The best way to avoid that ugly blotchiness is to pre-condition the wood. The radiata pine, however, is significantly harder, with a rating of 710 lbf, and the Southern yellow pine (longleaf variety) is even better at a super-hard 870 lbf. It would be helpful to determine the density (hardness) technically. Curious about the difference between various types of wood? But which one is better to work with? The term can refer to any number of pieces, from door and window casings, to cap molding and back band, to chair rail and wall paneling. Flooring choices can range comparably from hard maple or wenge to red oak to even softer than Douglas fir in hardness. With our last wood hardness chart, several noted that there were certain woods missing that should be in the list, so we’ve expanded the list to 224 different species. Since it doesn’t have any knots, you’ll be able to sand, treat, and finish or paint it to look like a more expensive wood, whereas pine is pretty much discernible by the knots and chunky texture no matter what you do to it. Found throughout the Pacific Northwest, this giant species of pine is known for its dimensional stability. Sugar Pine. The prices for certain types of wood, especially pine, will vary depending on the type of pine lumber you plan to use. Even poplar, with its straighter and narrower grain, is typically painted when it is used as molding or trim. Poplar is a medium-density wood with low-bending, shock resistance, stiffness, and compression values. Hardwoods -vs- Bamboo; How Selecting Materials Impacts Our Lives; Treasured for Generations. For example, poplar is technically a hardwood, but it is softer than some kinds of pine, which is a softwood. Specializing in building and renovating homes, Thomas Luttrell has worked in homebuilding since 2002. If that’s the aesthetic you want, go for it. Another factor for the cost is whether or not that type of wood is native to your area. Keep in mind, as we mentioned before, that there are many varieties of pine. It would be helpful to determine the density (hardness) technically. Poplar is a wood species commonly used in a variety of woodworking projects. Softwood comes from gymnosperm trees, like cedar, fir, and pine. Some experts recommend using a Minwax pre-stain conditioner and following that up with stain. Entries in red are some of the woods builders commonly search for when researching wood species to build with. What about agathis? The grain of pine is slightly more likely to telegraph through the paint job. For the same reasons master craftsmen have used it for centuries, poplar was commonly used as a secondary wood (inner frame) of fine furniture due to its stability, lack of knots and strength. A hickory staircase really completes a home with hickory floors and cabinets. That is, the wood maintains its size when exposed to different temperatures and humility levels. Though it’s quite abundant in the northeast, it’s minimal rot resistance makes it … If you’re DIYing the furniture, definitely consider adding a coat of poly to get a professional look. The hardness of poplar is about on par with that of pine or cedar, but the cellular structure gives it a much finer grain and more pleasing appearance than the more coarsely grained softwoods. Seems more and more guitars are coming out in this wood…. I take that to mean that seasoned wood, with the same moisture content, will be pound for pound equivalent in terms of heating value but you may need to burn to 2-3x pine vs hickory. The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444" steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. Poplar is harder wood, but is difficult to stain, so painting is a better option with poplar. A house with small rooms and lower ceilings will look more crowded and small if you use large, wide trim pieces in a darker color. It grows much larger here in Florida than further north. Sometimes you can obtain some of this beautiful, magnificent wood from older buildings that are being taken down or remodeled. Janka hardness. We’ve tried in our best effort to get this list as complete as possible, but of course there will probably be a few species missing. Confused? Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. Poplar has green undertones. true southern yellow pine is harder than poplar, but is very hard to get in a clear grade these days. A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation on the Brinell hardness test. Are they working with companies that are careful about over-harvesting? no way!!! Trim is thinner than furniture and requires more machining to get it just right visually. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. Outdoor Living Spaces. So if you’re leaning towards making pine furniture, you’ll be shopping for yellow or white pine lumber. Poplar may be a bit blotchy to stain, as we will discuss in the next section, but it is much easier to machine, especially if you’re looking for a nice crisp finish. http://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Anthocephalus_(PROSEA) Birch has pink undertones. You’ll usually see pine used for rustic furniture, like that found in a mountain cabin, a beach house, or a farmhouse. I have about an acre of red pine and have had some sawn for some projects,no way that red pine is harder than cherry or walnut!! As you begin working with wood, you will likely notice that two of the cheaper, softer, commonly used woods are poplar and pine. The resilience of wood is typically measured with something known as a Janka scale. Pine has a yellow coloring with brown knots and is excellent for staining. New Ideas, Natural Looks; Throughout the Home. Poplar comes from a dicot, which makes it a hardwood. We would require to evaluate the hardness of wood, as wood is used in various uses such as furnitures and other industrial uses. Window casings and door trim can look quite charming when they’re done with stained pine finished with shellac, as long as you’re okay with that cozy cabin look. Don’t know how hard it is, but I’ll let you how it sounds when I’ve finished the build. by Eric Meier. Either poplar or pine will work, but they each have their own advantages. Typically used in making shillelaghs. For the standard poplar or yellow poplar tree, the lumber’s average hardness is typically 540 lb-ft. By contrast, the Eastern white pine is rated at 380 lbf, which is significantly lower or softer. Jabon Poplar is one of the less expensive hardwoods. The poplar is my choice. During a Janka hardness test, a metal ball the size of a BB is pressed into the wood until its embedded halfway. But i would 5hink maybe 300.The less strenth is Bolas only 100 lb feet janka hardness. This serves as a final seal, securing the wood against spills, moisture, and damage. I am curious if the Huckleberry tree is an available hardness!!! The pine has more resins to be sealed in with primer/sealer by the painters. Also note that we’ve not yet included all the woods from the last chart listed; those will be inserted below soon. Soft: Cypress, alder, hemlock, white pine, basswood and poplar (commonly used for paint-grade cabinets but medium density fiberboard - MDF - is a much better choice since it is much harder, about 1200 on the Janka scale -similar to oak - versus 540 for poplar) The list below is sorted by hardness, softest to lightest. In this guide, we’ll talk poplar vs. pine and go through some pros and cons for both, specifically with regards to hardness, price, and use. Press Esc to cancel. Would that be considered and if so where would it be on the scale? We would require to evaluate the hardness of wood, as wood is used in various uses such as furnitures and other industrial uses. Trim is an important part of the finished look of your home. Among maple, birch, poplar and ash, sweet birch has the highest specific gravity at 0.65, with a Janka measurement of 1,470. Sugar maple, black maple, sweet birch, yellow birch and white ash are all strong hardwoods. In some cases, if you’re looking for a rarer type of pine, you may be out of luck. Remember to keep the trim of a space in scale with the size and shape of the room. Scientific name: Neolamarckia Cadamba Body wood for the S.U.B. Douglas Fir: 660. All that to say—pine is typically cheaper, but in some cases, you may want to throw down the extra cash and choose poplar. http://www.globalspecies.org/ntaxa/1087381, http://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Anthocephalus_(PROSEA), https://www.talkbass.com/threads/sterling-by-music-man-sub-ray4-and-ray5-part-2.1039748/page-21, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neolamarckia_cadamba. By hardness, softest to lightest is commonly considered the cheapest wood used in various such. Is suitable for use as flooring use of Janka hardness scale to warping and movement... Companies that are careful about over-harvesting coming out in this wood… joists in such buildings of this,... We mentioned before, that can vary widely in hardness crown molding True southern yellow pine commonly. 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