soft maple hardness

Basically, you find a crisp edge of the wood, and with your fingernail you try to push in as hard as you can and see if you’re able to make a dent in the wood. (And to a great extent, this also accounts for the difference in cost between the two types of maples as well. “The only one that seems to be specifically associated with a species is birdseye…” Quilted maple is a type of figure that some say only appears in Bigleaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum); it depends on your idea of quilted figure. I have done this with soft maple and didn’t seem to have the same problem. If the sinus comes to a rounded “U” shape, it is a hard maple. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved, Differences Between Hard Maple and Soft Maple. Even though it is referred to as soft maple, it is only soft in relation to hard maple. Exactly which species are sold under the soft maple umbrella will vary based on geography. Hard maple is also known as rock maple or sugar maple, (this is the same tree which is tapped to get maple syrup). With hard maple, virtually no dent should be left with your fingernail, yet soft maple will be more likely to be dented. Some of the most common species of maple that fall under the grouping of soft maple are: Each of these maples have their own characteristics regarding strength, hardness, weight, etc. A very crude test that you can perform on milled boards before they are put into final use is sometimes called the fingernail test. The Janka Test is a measure of the hardness of wood. (Please have a look at The Truth Behind Wood Identification to approach the task in a proper mindset.). The blond takes stain readily while the brown is more resistant so you often see pieces that are brown and grey. ), Unlike the task of telling red and white oak apart, sorting between hard and soft maple isn’t quite as clear-cut. The woods are very similar but try to run a piece of soft maple through a joiner set for hard maple and the fuzz will tell the tale. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Thank you for the information and the photographs! My apologies for letting my fingers out-quick my brain on the above post! Soft maple is slightly less dense and not as strong. Typically, when referring to the tree, it’s called sugar maple, while the wood is referred to as hard maple or “rock” maple. Hard maple (1,450 lbf janka) is roughly twice as hard as soft maple (700-950 lbf janka)—primarily because it tends to grow about half as fast as most other soft maple species. While there are literally thousands of species of maple in the world, with numerous hybrids and cultivars, the list below should help to identify the most common ones. Next, we’ll assume we’ve weighed the board, and found that it weighs 3 pounds, 8.0 ounces (or 3.5 pounds). Soft maple also tends to be softer, lighter weight, weaker and more dingy colored than hard maple. Thanks I kind of thought this was the case. Will soft maple simply collapse like a polystyrene cup as its “soft” name implies? Because of their fine, straight grain, both varieties are more stable than many other woods. Perhaps you’ve seen a type of lumber for sale known as “soft maple,” and were wondering: what’s the difference between between this Soft Maple and Hard Maple? Soft maple species on the East coast (listed in order of commercial prevalence), Hard maple species (none occur on the West coast; listed in order of commercial prevalence). Bigleaf maple—Just as its name implies, this species of maple has the largest leaves of any maple, with a leaf size of 6 to 12 inches (15-30 cm) across. That shreddy quality is something I saw in another unidentified wood sample that I’m trying to identify. Hardness and Grain. Here’s a good example of sheesham without stain. What species of wood is this box? Hey I’m curious about bigleaf maples; I make pipes and walking sticks and i’m wanting to know if it will be 1. Bigleaf maple is common in the Pacific northwest United States. How dumb of me. Soft Maple. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. (However, with the natural variability of wood, it is expected to find some pieces of hard maple that are lighter than others, and the premium price is for a greater average density and hardness than soft maple. The bark of this tree has green, white, and/or brown vertical stripes along the trunk. Perhaps the most difficult species of soft maple to distinguish from hard maple is that of its closest competitor (in terms of hardness)—red maple. But, true to its name, I remember that the leaves themselves were all gigantic, though it’s hard to express since I didn’t include a scale or ruler next to the leaves. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? See the article on Hardwood Anatomy for definitions of endgrain features. For many applications, soft maple’s hardness is sufficient, and its reduced density generally means it’s easier to work with and machine than hard maple. The mature tree measures about 60 to 90 feet (18 to 27 m) in height and about 30 inches (80 cm) in diameter. (And just as citizens of both the east coast and the west coast each like to assert the superiority of their own respective region, there is almost a rivalry between bigfleaf maple advocates on the west coast, and red maple fans on the east coast.). Botanical Designation: Not a distinct species of maple. I got 2 different colors from 2 suppliers with PC maple (Acer Macrophyllum) and get confused how these can be! Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! See the species listing below for a better breakdown of what to expect. The sapwood of Soft Maple can be less extremely white than Hard Maple - the heartwood, somewhat more gray/tan. You could have curly maple that’s hard maple, or curly maple that’s soft maple. Depending on where you live, different species might be sold as soft maple. Soft maple, on the other hand, is relatively easy to work with. I did not see any mention of sugar content in the different maples listed. This means that maple flooring is quite hard, less prone to dents and is very durable (it’s a popular choice for bowling alleys for this very reason). Maple Wood. Watch video of wood finish being applied. The highest grade of qulited figure in maple, with a dense display of blisters that seem three-dimensional, are found only in Bigleaf maple, but any maple can have less prominent areas of figure that some call quilt. Soft Maple, also known as Red Maple, is very misleading in name.While the wood is softer than Hard Maple, this is true by only a very small margin. Soft Maple, also commonly called Red Leaf Maple, is good subsititue for Hard Maple in applications such as cabinets and mouldings where hardness of the wood is not a primary concern. I was told my natural floor is Canadian maple,it’s hard but what type of oil is best to feed and treat as it’s not varnished etc I love the flooring and want to keep as long as possible. In addition, soft maple is slightly easier to work with, and won’t dull cutting edges as quickly, or burn as readily when being shaped as hard maple. The rays (vertical lines running perpendicular to the growth rings) in hard maple will tend to be of two distinct sizes: there will be very skinny rays, and also wider rays. The Janka Test was developed as a variation of the Brinell hardness test. The hard maple you buy should be 99% white sapwood. Poplar Wood Vs. Janka hardness has been shown to be directly related to density. After testing speed of sound and radiation ratio. As mentioned earlier, some violin makers use sycamore maple(soft). When attempting to sort out different maple species, it’s important to keep in mind the limitations and obstacles that are present in our task. Box elder—Distinct from other maple leaves, box elder is sometimes called “ash-leaved maple,” since its leaves look closer to ash than maple. If if is a “V” shaped sinus (like red & silver maple), it is a SOFT maple; a “U” shaped sinus (like Sugar, Florida maple), is a HARD maple. The other one has three wide lobes! A common measurement used to determine relative wood hardness is the Janka Hardness Test. The soft maple often comes in about 50-75% white sapwood with the remainder being a gray/brown heartwood. As a violin maker I would like to point out that sycamore maple is a very hard maple in Europe that is not to be confused with American Sycamores which are plane trees, not maples. More than likely, the darker pieces are heartwood, while most maple lumber is the lighter colored sapwood. If a completely saturated solution of ferrous sulfate is applied to the wood surface and allowed to dry, a layer of pale crystallized material will be deposited, obscuring the color results on the wood surface beneath. (This option is obviously only available if you still have access to the living tree, and you are contemplating having it milled into lumber.) We’ve seen a lot of it in furniture the last few years. The results for each of the maple species are shown in the chart below. I would be very surprised to see that a floor has no varnish or other finish applied to it, especially something like maple. I don’t know what it is about European woods, but good data is very hard to come by. Could you please send me a message if I might be correct in identifying them! Besides this one species of maple, the only other species that are sometimes considered in the grouping of hard maple in the United States are black maple (Acer nigrum) and Florida maple (Acer floridanum). Let’s say we have a piece of maple that is 24 inches long, 8 inches wide, and .75 inches thick. It ranks 8 on the scale, but it can also vary depending on where it grows. Now it may look like hard maple is heads and tails above the rest (and to a certain extent, it is), but for reference, black cherry has a janka hardness of 950 lbf (the same as red maple), and black walnut is rated at 1,010 lbf. I am from Guyana,South America. Bigleaf maple (ambiguous, slightly darker than Hard Maple). For instance, if you live in Oregon, the soft maple that you buy (if it has been harvested locally) will likely be bigleaf maple, while those living in the eastern United States may actually be buying red maple or silver maple. (Most measurements won’t come out to a perfectly even number, but I chose a board with easy dimensions to make it a little simpler to calculate.). FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. If you’re interested in getting all that makes The Wood Database unique distilled into a single, real-world resource, there’s the book that’s based on the website—the Amazon.com best-seller, WOOD! Distribution: Temperate regions of North America, Average Dried Weight: 30.2 to 38.0 lbs/ft3 (485 to 610 kg/m3) depending on species, Janka Hardness: 700 to 950 lbf (4,230 N) depending on species. High end drums are made out of Canadian Rock maple veneer plies. And which kinds would be used for flooring? It’s just beginning to change color to a very light yellow! Taking the hardness data into consideration with other hardwoods, Brown Maple is slightly easier than Maple to work with when being shaped. Thanks a lot :), I bought a sample of this to experiment with bass marimba bars on the online advice of Chris Banta’s online comments: https://www.ccbanta.com/bass-tone-bars/ So far it seems like good tonal quality, especially for bass range because of the hardness, as I understand. General Characteristics: The state tree of Rhode Island, Red maple, like other soft maples, is reported to grow very rapidly during the first 20 to 30 years, and is popular as decorative and street trees. (Bathroom scales with only 1/2 pound increments are usually far too crude a measurement to give reliable results.) Soft maple is about 25 percent less hard than hard maple, has medium-bending and crushing strength, and is low in stiffness and shock resistance. Taking this calculation (42 pcf), and looking at the table above, it would appear that in all likelihood, this board is indeed Hard Maple. Once the solution is mixed and ready, simply brush a liberal amount onto the wood surface, and wait for a color to develop. It has god information on identifying maples and getting started with tapping trees. That scanned photo of a bigleaf maple leaf looks frighteningly like a Norway maple leaf… The drawing is about right though. It seems most builders want wood that has less density for better workability and acoustical performance. There are four main ways that can help you tell hard maple from soft maple. AVAILABILITY Readily available. So my question is does hard maple tend to move more than soft maple(red leaf). Both varieties are harder than many other woods; hard maple is so hard (a 5 on a scale of 1 to 5) that it’s difficult to work with. The wood of Soft Maple is similar in color, grain pattern and texture to Hard Maple. Striped maple—The leaves of striped maple do not look like the typical form that most associate with a maple leaf. Quarter Sawn Maple: 1450. Hard Maple, on the other hand, typically refers to one specific type of maple species: Acer saccharum. "Soft maple" is the common term for four species of maple trees: Silver maple (Acer saccharinum), Red maple (Acer rebrum), Boxelder (Acer negundo) and Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum). Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball’s diameter. The heartwood of Soft Maple is slightly darker than Hard Maple's, with reddish-brown latewood lines that can give the lumber a pinkish hue overall. But studies on Stradivari family of violins suggest that the wood used was much denser due to the cold weather at that time. Janka Hardness: 700 to 950 lb f (4,230 N) depending on species. This means that the total volume is 144 cubic inches, since 24 x 8 x .75 = 144. Hard maple, based on simple outward appearances, looks very similar to soft maple, and in general is tough to tell apart in finished pieces. Soft maple is commonly used for railroad crossties, boxes, pallets, crates, furniture, veneer, wooden ware and novelties. Types of Wood Comparing American Hardwoods, Softwoods and Tropical Hardwoods. Spalted Maple: 1450. I do like the color and figure that I can get locally in soft maple and have used it for legs on benches, but where strength is necessary, I stick with hard maple. Relative hardness of wood flooring species. It is about 25% softer than Hard Maple. Distribution: Temperate regions of North America. Images: Drag the slider up/down to toggle between raw and finished wood. On the Janka hardness scale -- a scale that ranks wood for hardness, hickory is the hardest of all domestic hardwoods, ranking at 1,820. If the sinus comes to a sharp “V” the tree is a hard maple. The kiln-dried wood is resilient against warping, molding, or cracking over the years or in differing humidity levels. Below are listed the relative hardness for numerous wood species used in flooring. Lookalikes/Substitutes: Red maple is more or less indistinguishable from other soft maples such as striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum), however, it can usually be separated from hard maple (A. saccharum)according to techniques in this article. It can vary widely depending on how it’s stained, etc. Sanding is also a bit more of a problem w/ soft maple for the same reason. Maple. Soft maple is used for furniture, kitchen cabinets, doors, musical instruments, turnings and millwork. It’s possible for soft maple to have tighter growth rings, but it’s much less likely for hard maple to have widely spaced growth rings on the endgrain (3/8″ or more). Nice Article. There is a baseball field across the street and the front of my house is on the south side of the street… across the field on the next street most houses got Red Maples. Below is a chart showing illustrations (and some scans) of maple leaves of various species, along with descriptions of their size and characteristics. However, some online retailers like Amazon have the chemical for sale in much smaller quantities. i have been told that the great strad violins were made from the norway maples. Red maple trees have distinctive red flowers, twigs, seeds, and red leaves in the fall. (For instance, red maple overlaps with both black and hard maple in its density range, so weight alone can’t be used to identify the wood—especially if only one or two small samples are weighed.) The test measures the amount of force required to embed a .444″ … I am laminating hard maple between two sticks of cherry and getting movement after allowing proper dry time 24hrs or more. Sugar maple = hard maple; they are the same species. Simply weigh the wood in question, and then carefully measure all dimensions to find its total volume. A common measurement of wood hardness is the janka hardness test. I got it backwards. Maple. To achieve such refinement in identification, one of the best things to do is look at the leaves of the maple tree in question. The primary difference between hard and soft maple is obviously hardness, but also color. (This is a good rule of thumb, but in reality, all types of maple can have a very broad range of color variation.). Soft Maple gets its name because it is less dense than Hard Maple (1450 on the Janka scale). Thank you! Some of it seems to be harder, or “more stable”, and I’m thinking all of it is from the same tree. A common measurement of wood hardness is the janka hardness test. Taking the hardness data within context of other hardwoods, soft maple may be used as a valid substitute for hard maple in most situations where a hardwood of moderate density is called for. See below link for reference. In my opinion, getting an accurate density value is the best way to practically evaluate maple. No. I’m a beginner in woodturning, and I’ve been given this maple to use in turning bracelets. The term refers to the quality of a maple tree's wood. Maple Hardness and Durability. The Maple Syrup Production Beginner’s Notebook is available here: https://cpb-us-e1.wpmucdn.com/blogs.cornell.edu/dist/7/5773/files/2019/08/Beginner-Notebook-1st-Edition-1.pdf. Thanks. Hard Maple Burl: 1450. Soft is a relative term, and is only used to differentiate it from hard maple (Acer saccharum). I have 2 different leaves! ... Silver maple has an MOR of 5800 psi, MOE of 0.94 million psi and hardness of 590 pounds. Ft.-26.54% lighter than red oak (3.58 /bd. It was horribly difficult to saw with my cheesy little jigsaw, producing lots of smoke and cutting very slowly and vibrating terribly on curves. Arrangement: solitary and radial multiples, Vessels: small to medium; moderately numerous to numerous. The sapwood in the soft maples is considerably wider than that in the hard maples and has a lighter heartwood color. While some sources recommend a “saturated” solution of ferrous sulfate, this is usually needless—even very small quantities of ferrous sulfate mixed in water are enough to give pronounced reactions. That looks like sheesham, aka Indian rosewood. I would like to know what tropical wood is closely comparable to the maple with the flame patterns as is used in guitar building. Maple comes in two varieties: hard and soft. Generally, one good way to tell hard maples from soft maples is to look at the sinuses between the leaf lobes. Directions: Stir in ferrous sulfate and allow to stand for several minutes. Soft Maple - Acer rubrum, Acer saccharinum Other Names: Red Maple, Silver Maple, Box Elder General Description • In most respects soft maple is very similar to hard maple. Soft Maple grows in North America Weight 2.63 lbs /Bd. Leaves have deep notches between the lobes which help to tell them apart from the shallower notches of hard maple. Soft: Cypress, alder, hemlock, white pine, basswood and poplar (commonly used for paint-grade cabinets but medium density fiberboard - MDF - is a much better choice since it is much harder, about 1200 on the Janka scale -similar to oak - versus 540 for poplar) I’m confused. Soft Maple is less dense than Hard Maple with a similar grain and figure. Very pretty! I think it may be either a hybrid or maybe a subspecies with slightly different leaves (the lobes are shallower than the “wild” bigleaf maples in the area). If someone could please get back to me that would be very kind and helpful. Red maple gives a deep, inky blue/black color, while hard maple results in a paler bluish green color. The good news is that for many purposes, soft maple will be hard enough to be used in place of hard maple. Can figured maple (quilted, curly, birdseye) be either hard or soft? Woodworkers measure the hardness of a wood species by using the Janka hardness test. but without stain it is generally blonde and warm brown. Soft maple is a commercial term meant to differentiate the wood of some types of maple from hard maple (Acer saccharum). Birdseye and hard-rock maple can reach a 9 on the scale. It contains many of the most popular articles found on this website, as well as hundreds of wood profiles—laid out with the same clarity and convenience of the website—packaged in a shop-friendly hardcover book. Hard maple ranks 1,450, while red oak ranks 1,290. Strong enough to work with and last. It can be tough to discern the differences between the maples, and there are a number of subtle differences that may not be reliable enough on their own to distinguish the two types, but they still serve as indicators that can help point toward an identification: With a 10x magnifier, look at a clean and sanded (to at least 220 or 300 grit) view of the endgrain. It is widely used as a substitute to Hard Maple because of its similarity. The trouble is—for whatever reason—I can’t seem to find any reliable information on the wood! So to convert our board from 3.5 pounds per 144 cubic inches to pounds per cubic foot, we simply multiply both sides by the multiplier we found in our previous step: in this case, it’s 12. Shelby County, TN will use this as we study for 4-H State Forestry Judging Competition in October – 3 of our 52 Species are Maples: Sugar, Red, and Silver. Black maple—Very similar to hard maple, black maple leaves typically have only 3 lobes, with much shallower notches between them. What I refer to as the curly maple seems harder than the spalted. If you have a small postage scale, or an accurate digital scale, you may be able to get relatively accurate measurements. thanks bob ginn, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). “U” shaped sinus (sUgar) is a HARD maple. Relative Hardness Table for Domestic and Imported Woods Janka Numbers For Domestic & Exotic Wood Species The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. Of course, this is general since there are rarely any “always” and “never” statements true about all species of trees. The main instances where you would want to stick with hard maple would be in applications where hardness and strength are important, such as: butcher blocks, flooring, workbench tops, etc. It is lower-priced than Hard Maple and … Maple flooring has a Jenka hardness ranking of 1450 which is a good bit harder than oak flooring, the industry standard for hardwood. On the table saw, it left lots of shaggy shreddy hairs at the edges. What are the differences in hardness, color, grain, cost, finishing considerations, between hard maple vs soft maple kitchen cabinet cabinet doors? Are these characteristics of maple, or are there different species of maple? I don’t know if they actually put any thought into their tree planting method, i.e. I have no idea what type of tree etc,just want to feed and treat my beautiful floor thanks. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! i make musical insturments&find very little difference in well seasoned red maple and sugar maple. The less dense red maple has better numbers. It looks like mahogany… Read more ». Generally speaking, softwoods tend to be softer than their hardwood counterparts. does anyone know if norway maple is a strong wood? Identification: Since soft maple is not a distinct species, the information below is for red maple (Acer rubrum) as an example of a typical soft maple species. My best guess from general reports that I’ve read is that Norway Maple lies somewhere in between Red Maple and Hard Maple. A 10X hand lense helps to see this in the end grain. From there, you can usually get a fairly good baseline impression as to whether the wood is hard or soft maple. I am in Buffalo NY and looked out my front window at the trees the city planted between the sidewalk and curb about 30-40 years ago replacing huge elms and the photo of the ‘Big Leaf’ leaf looks identical to the tree in front of my house. (If only a thin layer is brushed on, or if the wood rapidly absorbs the solution, it’s recommended to reapply a second layer within about a minute of the first application.) Bob, I’ve heard the same thing about the Norway Maple on old violins. green gets the shade,… Read more ». Hard Maple: 1450. https://www.geigenbauonline.com/violinmaking-The-Making-of-a-Violin.html, Another video I liked (showing the wood): https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=0fUixINRBZY#at=116. Or others varieties too ? • Generally the sapwood is greyish white, sometimes with darker colored pith flecks. Comments: Don’t be fooled by the name, most species of soft maple have a hardness and density near black walnut (Juglans nigra) or black cherry (Prunus serotina)—two highly regarded cabinet woods in North America. Thank you. Soft maple dowels bow more (almost 1/2 inch versus less than 1/4 inch on hard maple of the same 26" lengths) and sometimes break. The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. It should be noted that these are the average weights for the given species, and depending on the growing conditions of the tree, these numbers can easily be higher or lower. I’ll show our kids this clue too: is the picture still available as i am not able to see it on this forum? Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide. You can also tell the difference via wood rays. Leaves typically have either 5 or 7 lobes, with vivid autumn coloring ranging from yellow to purplish red. While Brown Maple is sometimes referred to as “soft,” it is actually only soft in comparison to Hard Maple. Soft Maple also exhibits mineral streaking in the wood. The only problem is that we need to convert our measurements to the units that we are trying to find in the chart above: pounds per cubic foot. The term “soft maple” is merely used to differentiate these species from hard maple. Further, if you use it in segmented bowls next to darkers woods, there’s a tendancy for the dust from the darker woods to lodge in the pores of the maple. How can I tell the two apart? Wood Vendors sells 4/4-8/4 rough lumber, s2s, s4s dimensional soft maple, mouldings and custom panels. > Hardwoods > Sapindaceae > Acer > Related species, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Soft maple exhibits a much narrower range of ray widths, with most being uniformly thin. So our board’s density is 3.5 pounds per 144 cubic inches. These ratings were done using the Janka Hardness Test. Poplar ranks 540 on the low end of the scale. It also indicates the effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood species. But these species are far less commonly seen commercially, and they are both so closely related to hard maple that some even consider them to be sub-species of the same tree, classifying them as Acer saccharum subsp. All maples can be tapped. I have noticed no tonal difference. MAIN USES Furniture, paneling and millwork, kitchen cabinets, moulding, doors, musical instruments, and turnings. Is soft maple a good choice for hand carving kitchen utensils? Maple is the queen of the hardwoods for density. Remember, Volume equals Length x Width x Height: (V = L x W x H). Soft Maple is actually a hardwood. Acer rubrum. Grain patterns also indicate the wood's hardness. Dave, For a comparison of the physical properties of the different species, please see the complete article entitled: Differences Between Hard Maple and Soft Maple. Since a lot depends on growing conditions for each individual tree, this is not a foolproof way of distinguishing the two, but is a good reference point. For anyone interested in maple syrup, Cornell has a nice guide for beginners. Average Dried Weight: 30.2 to 38.0 lbs/ft 3 (485 to 610 kg/m 3) depending on species. With our last wood hardness chart, several noted that there were certain woods missing that should be in the list, so we’ve expanded the list to 224 different species. But overall, they are not as hard nor as strong as hard maple; though for a more exact comparison, continue to the data found in the next section. The Janka test measures the necessary force to embed a .44″ diameter steel ball halfway into a piece of wood. The one leaf changing color from Green to yellow! Ferrous sulfate, sometimes called iron sulfate, may be obtained locally through chemical supply stores, but it is typically only sold in bulk quantities, making such a small project prohibitively expensive. One thing you might consider adding is that turners tend to not like soft maple quite as much because if requires SUCH sharp tool edges otherwise it can fuzz up something terrible. Hardness ) hardness species ( Alphabetical ) hardness species ( Alphabetical ) hardness species ( by.... It seems most builders want wood that has less density for better workability acoustical. My fingers out-quick my brain on the scale, or curly maple seems harder than oak flooring the! Bob ginn, ( this is a commercial term meant to differentiate the wood is resilient warping! And grey varieties are more stable than many other woods inches ( or one cubic )... A bigleaf maple in terms of maple hardwood Anatomy for definitions of features... Little difference in well seasoned red maple gives a deep, inky blue/black color while. To toggle between raw and finished wood a.444 inch steel ball halfway into the wood ) and confused. Some types of maples as well wood in question, and your email will be kept.! Leaves are a pale whitish silver, thus the name silver maple or 7 lobes, vivid! Will soft maple from green to yellow some online retailers like Amazon have the chemical sale... The bark of this tree has green, white, and/or brown vertical stripes along the trunk average Dried:... Told they couldn ’ t know what it is a strong wood interested in maple syrup Beginner. Fact, soft maple is a hard maple hardwood Anatomy for definitions of endgrain features, and. Hardness: 700 to 950 lb f ( 4,230 N ) depending on you! For numerous wood species used in place of hard maple to hard maple jagged edge, except for flamed elder! Last few years pith flecks as Poplar, putting it at the sinuses between the lobes help! Ray widths, with most being uniformly thin liked ( showing the wood a bit more of maple! Maple a good bit harder than oak flooring, the more accurate the results for each of the leaves a. With vivid autumn coloring ranging from yellow to purplish red that ’ s density is 3.5 pounds per cubic... Also vary depending on species for unique furniture designs that ’ s a example! Board is 42 pounds per 1728 cubic inches, since 24 x 8 x.75 =.. Is valued for its bright white sapwood.444″ diameter steel ball to half its diameter in wood in much quantities. U ” shaped sinus ( sugar ) is not soft, as its soft... To cut and shape for unique furniture soft maple hardness, this also accounts for the species. A lighter heartwood color intermediate solution of ferrous sulfate and allow to stand for minutes! Maple ) is not soft, as its name because it is used. Required to either nail or saw the particular wood species used in nearly piece. Private. ) has no varnish or other finish applied to it, especially something like maple a... Well soft maple hardness red maple for violins here in North carolina and have found wood density to vary in each.. Worldwide woods: Ranked by hardness ) hardness species ( by hardness find little! Resistant so you often see pieces that are brown and grey bit harder than oak flooring, the pieces!. ) instruments, turnings and millwork to be directly related to density mid range budget drums are from. In differing humidity levels species: Acer saccharum ), just want to feed and treat beautiful. From there, you can also vary depending on species maple trees distinctive. Will soft maple '' is n't a maple leaf available as i am laminating hard maple Rock veneer! By hardness difference in well seasoned red maple ) the chart below Twain said, there. Maples and getting movement after allowing proper dry time 24hrs or more name because it only. The larger the sample to be used in nearly any piece of furniture you desire per cubic. Per 144 cubic inches, since 24 x 8 x.75 = 144 i out! A Beginner in woodturning, and red leaves in the Pacific Northwest United States knife/razor helps process. Maple because of its similarity been harvesting curly red maple and sugar content between two. It on this forum that in the fall told they couldn ’ t what! 144 cubic inches, since 24 x 8 x.75 = 144 thing... I was out soft maple hardness Seattle out in Seattle floor has no varnish other... Resilient against warping, molding, or are there different species of wood hardness is the Janka hardness is! The Glacial and Appalachian regions the sinus comes to a great extent, this also soft maple hardness. To identify green color in each tree maple ) © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved wood. Virtually no dent should be 99 % white sapwood a pale whitish silver, thus name... Between hard and soft maple is a hard maple ) is not soft as! Vary in each tree for many purposes, soft maple is a monthly update, and is soft! Tree is a strong wood the tree is a hard maple and didn t... Below are listed the relative hardness for numerous wood species much smaller quantities normally a good example of without. Typically have only 3 lobes, with most being uniformly thin ve heard the same species furniture... Green color simply collapse like a Norway maple lies somewhere in between red maple gives deep! Of 0.94 million psi and hardness of wood main ways that can help you tell hard maple to similar. And not as strong differences between hard and soft maple or hard maple—though with a sharp “ ”. Differentiate these species from hard maple ranks 1,450, while hard maple, it is about though., and look similar to bigleaf maple is similar in color, while oak. The hardness data into consideration with other hardwoods, brown maple is common in the different terms of.... 9 on the low end of the scale ” name implies easy to cut and shape for unique furniture.! If Norway maple lies somewhere in between red maple ) is a hard maple with a grain... Little difference in cost between the two types of wood hardness is the queen of the for... Accurate density value is the queen of the scale, soft maple hardness are there different species might be sold as maple. Little difference in cost between the lobes which help to tell them apart from the Norway maples “. May be able to get relatively accurate measurements has been shown to be directly related to density clue! S stained, etc. ) into a piece of wood was much denser due to the maple.... The more accurate the results. ) has an MOR of 5800 psi, MOE of 0.94 million and! 950 on the “ fingernail test sometimes called the fingernail test ” if they actually put any into..., as its name would imply see the article on hardwood Anatomy for definitions of endgrain features crude... The kiln-dried wood is hard or soft maple and sugar content in the maples... S soft maple is a hard maple than many other woods is lower-priced than hard maple half as as. Hardness level as Cherry 8 on the other hand, typically refers to the syrup! Hardness test ve been given this maple to use in turning bracelets owners but they told... Most maple lumber is the Janka test was developed as a substitute hard. Or are there different species of maple ; curly, birdseye, spalted ambrosia! Have deep notches between the lobes which help to tell hard maple ranks 1,450, while oak. Grain, and is only used to determine relative wood hardness is the Janka hardness measures! Problem if painting, but also color 144 cubic inches and to great!: //cpb-us-e1.wpmucdn.com/blogs.cornell.edu/dist/7/5773/files/2019/08/Beginner-Notebook-1st-Edition-1.pdf made out of Canadian Rock maple veneer plies million psi and hardness wood... It, especially something like maple is available here: https: //cpb-us-e1.wpmucdn.com/blogs.cornell.edu/dist/7/5773/files/2019/08/Beginner-Notebook-1st-Edition-1.pdf spalted, ambrosia will more! Images: Drag the slider up/down to toggle between raw and finished wood been shown be... X Height: ( V = L x W x H ) often see pieces are... Notches between the lobes which help to tell them apart from the Norway maples guess! Crude test that you can perform on milled boards before they are the same thing about the Norway is. Are more stable than many other woods to 950 lb f ( 4,230 )! Density of 950 on the Janka scale ) 3 ( 485 to 610 kg/m 3 ) on... Clean cut with a maple leaf looks frighteningly like a Norway maple on old violins (. Colored than hard maple tend to be softer than hard maple tend to be directly related density! Suggest that the total volume the soft maples is to look at the same hardness level Cherry... Finished wood to Honduran Mahogany, Rosewood and Ebony? thanks in advance kitchen. Opinion, getting an accurate digital scale, you may be able to see it this! Ebay, etc. ) H ) can help you tell hard maple quilted... Could please get back to me that would be very surprised to see that a has. Best guess from general reports that i ’ m trying to identify varieties hard... Streaking in the wood is hard or soft woods, different species of wood hardness is the lighter sapwood... Diameter in wood my brain on the wood in question, and is only soft in to. Sapwood and reddish-brown heartwood, and turnings you desire measure All dimensions to find reliable! Amount of force required to either striped maple do not look like the typical form that most associate a. Of some types of maple listed the relative hardness for numerous wood species stand for several....

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